A “Peerless” land, as that is what Assam means owing its derivation from a Sanskrit word 'ASOMA', is an entryway to the North East India. It is a region where nature herself has painted the vibrant landscape, hillocks, woods , brooks and streams, flora and fauna and above all the affectionate people. Crafted with much special care, the state of Assam India cast a spell on the travelers exploring the treasures of pleasure on Assam tourism. An abode of one horned rhino, blue rivers and red mountains, aromatic tea gardens make Tourism in Assam a special experience. Assam bears a testimony of rich cultural heritage through its temples, monuments, and torrential Brahmaputra River. It is legendary state in terms of traditions and civilization and hence makes for an amzing experience - in short Assam tourism is must for an incredible travel experience!.
How to Reach Assam
Rail: Assam is well connected with rest of India. Rajdhani Express from Delhi will take you to Guwahati in about 24 to 36 hours.
Air: Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Lakimpur, Silchar are the Airports that provide Air Connectivity to Assam.
Road: A web of bus network operates around the by private transporters and Assam State Transport Corporation.
Best time to visit: Assam tourism is best in the months of October to March.
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Famous Cities of Assam
Assam tourism will take you to a number of fantastic destinations. Explore these destinations on your incredible Assam tour for an all round experience Dispur: The capital city of Assam India is well known for Auction Market of Tea. There are places of mythological significance like Basistha Ashram, and a cultural center Shankardev Kalakschetra.
Guwahati: “Light of the East” is famous for majestic Brahmaputra River. It is the hub of commercial trading in north east. The travelers delight are Umananda temple, Kamakhya Temple, Assam Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Assam State Museum.
Barpeta: This “Land of Satras” has a prominence in terms of business. A great number of schools and educational institutions make it a hub for education in east.
Dibrugarh: The name of the city ha sits origin to the mouth of a river Dibaru. It is a small town less frequented by tourists. This commercial city located along the Brahmaputra is the largest tea exporting town in India.
Silchar: Flowing to the extreme east of this city is the river Barak. The unmatched view of sunrise in the exotic natural environs is marvelous. Bhuban hill,Sri Sri Kancha Kanti Devi Temple, Khaspur, Maniharan Tunnel and temple of Goddess Lakshmi Devi are must see for travelers on Assam tourism.
Majuli: Travel to Majauli on Assam tourism. This city cradled by Brahmaputra, boasts of being the largest fresh Water River Island in the world. The exquisite beauty, innocence and naivety of the land and its people make it a hot spot among travelers. The city is a dwelling for Assamese Vaishshnavite culture which colors the eco and spiritual tourism.
Hajo: A confluence of three religion, Hajo is located on the northern bank of Brahmaputra . A pilgrimage center for Hindus and Muslims alike it has many temples the most famous being Hayagriva-Madhab Temple. Poa Mecca is a revered pilgrimage for Muslims.
Sibsagar: The former capital of Ahoms, the city is “The Ocean of Shiva”. There are many places of tourist interest like Rang Ghar, Kareng Dhar and Talatal Ghar Gargaon Palace, Jaysagar Tank and Temples, Ajan Pir Dargah Sharif, Charaiadeo, Namdang Stone Bridge, Rudrasagar Tank and Temple and Gaurisagar Tank and Temples.
Tawang: The city is pleasant and nestles a huge monastery – the Tawang Monastery. No Assam tour is complete without a visit to this great monastery.
Tezpur: “The City of Blood” named after a mythological battle betwixt Vishnu and Shiva, the Preserver and Destroyer of world respectively, is abundant with folklore and beliefs. Nehru Maidan, Chitralekha Udyan, The Mahabhairav Temple, Agnigarh, Da-Parbatia Bamuni Hills, The Hazara Pukhuri and Cole Park are some of the tourist destinations. The city has many sanctuaries and reserves like The Nameri Tiger Reserve, Orang Wildlife Sanctuary, Nameri Sanctuary, and Kaziranga National Park.
Assam Tourist Places
As Assam is a home to many marvelous destinations, it is a hot spot for tourists also. For naturalists, adventure enthusiasts, pilgrims and connoisseurs alike, Assam tourism is a delightful experience.
Wildlife in Assam:
Assam tourism will also introduce you to the wildlife parks and sanctuaries of the state. There are many wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks in Assam India that make this state a unique habitat for the wild beasts. Among the well known are Kaziranga National Park (famous for sheltering the rare one horned rhino), Manas National Park (famous for the largest tiger reserve and a World Heritage Site), Orang National Park (a mini Kaziarnga), Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary, Pabha or Milroy Sanctuary, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park ( a biosphere reserve), Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Namber Wildlife Sanctuary, Pani Dihing Wildlife Sanctuary, Barandi Game Reserve.
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Adventure Sports in Assam
If you are driven by that zest of thrill, then undertake Assam tourism. You have ample opportunities for it in the state. The topography and varied terrains of Assam India beckons all the adventure partisans.
Rafting: The majestic Brahmaputra engulfs many opportunities for rafting. You can enjoy river rafting in this titanic river and its various tributaries.
Angling: Home to many species of fish like game fish, the Golden Mahseer, or tiger of the Himalayan rivers, rivers like Jia Bhoroli, Kapili and Manas give the fun of angling.
River Cruise: Thinking of challenging the stalwart Brahmaputra, even if it is hazardous ! Hmm! That's the spirit. The torrential river, the wild environs, the mighty hills all come in your way of river cruise. Enjoy the thrill down your nerves.
Boat Racing: Cities like Hajo, Saulkuchi, Barpeta, Guwahati hold boat racing events during festive occasions.
Golf:Many tea gardens of Assam India have golf courses tucked with them. A visit to the tea gardens, playing golf will be an unmatched experience of paramount happiness.
Mountaineering and Trekking: The North Cachar Hills and Karbi Hills are on hit list of the trekkers and mountaineers. These provide extreme friskiness to the tourists. The 'Elephant Rocks' in Morigaon District attract many trekkers.
Mountain Biking and Cycling: Hey! bikers over there... enthused by the frolic biking spirit. Welcome to Assam India and curb those savage and unexplored terrains. You can even take part in bicycle and motorbike rallies.
Para Sailing: Indian and Foreign tourists are attracted to this novel sport in Assam introduced by The Assam Tourism Development Corporation. The best place for para sailing in Assam is the spot is North Guwahati.
Hang Gliding:Who does not like to fly high? So if you wish to enjoy hang gliding come to the Kamakhya Hills and hills around Kaziranga and soar up high.
Bird Watching: The north east India is a shelter for many rare flora and fauna. In the Himalayan foothills you will encounter some of the prettiest birds in their natural habitat.
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Arts and Crafts of Assam
The artisans of Assam accomplish the work of art and craft with much adroitness. The tourists are attracted to the crafts pieces made of cane and bamboo, a typical Assamese headgear 'Japi' , teracotta, pottery, metal works of brass and bell, wood carvings, weaving and toys. The work of making Japi is the most popular in Assam. Furniture pieces of cane and bamboo are exclusive to Assam and are exported. Handed down from one generation to the other the skill of Teracotta makes everything including idols of Gods and mythological creatures. The pottery tradition in Assam is ruled by the two potter communities, Kumars and Hiras, who make wonderful items like earthen pot and pitchers, plates, incense stick holders and earthen lamps.
The metal items include utensils and fancy items like Xorai and Bota. Hajo and Sarthebari towns are engaged in making metal pieces. Assam fashions many types of toys like clay toys, pith, wooden and bamboo toys, cloth toys, cloth-and-mud toys. Every possible figure is made: doll, brides, grooms, deity idols. These are very famous in Assam. Weaving and embroidery has a rich heritage in Assam. Assamese ladies wear traditional outfit Mekhela – Chadar which has beautiful designs. Cotton, Muga silk, Paat (Silk), Eri silk are common fabrics widely used for weaving. Wood carving is also very popular in Assam. Exclusive designs are carved in the doors, walls, beams, decorative panels and ceilings in houses, temples, monasteries and royal palaces.
Fairs and Festivals of Assam
Festival of Assam India are marked with joviality and elaborate celebrations. Among the popular ones that you can enjoy on your Assam tourism are:
BIHU: Bihu is an ancient national festival of Assam celebrated thrice a year in different months for different reasons. in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October). Each bihu is in conformity to the harvest calendar. The folk songs and folk dance add charm to the celebrations of Bihu. People clad in vibrant outfits gleefully merry.
TEA FESTIVAL: In the month of November Assam Tourism organizes this festival combining visits to tea gardens, Golf cruises, River cruises. If you are there in the month of November when this festival is celebrated, don't miss to visit the “guwahati Tea Auction Center”
AMBUBASI MELA: Organized in the premises of Kamakhaya Devi temple in Guwahati, this festival is celebrated in monsoon. This festival has affiliation to the tantrik rituals and remains closed for three days with a legend which states that it is the menstrual time of goddess Kamakhaya.
JONBEEL MELA:A fair where barter sysytem is still persists, this fair is most magnificent and celebrated in winters. The tribal communities like Tiwa, Karbi, Khasi and Jaintia observe this fair happily.
BAISHAGU:This festival is celebrated in the month of April. Commencing with worshiping the cows, this festival is a myriad of varied hues.
RAJINI GABRA AND HARINI GABRA: This festival, significantly a religious practice to start a new civilization, starts with the village head.
DOSA THOI ! LONG NAI : A very important religious dance to worship Lord Shiva.
ALI-AI- LIGANG: This is colorful spring festival of Mising tribe organized in the month of February- March.
RONGKER AND CHOMANGKAN: A spring festival to seek blessings from God and Goddesses for the welfare of the village. Chomangkan is an elaborate death ceremony.
Dance and Music of Assam
Travel Assam to catch a glimpse of beautiful dance and music form of the Assamese. Each occasion is observed with enthusiastic fervor in Assam. Celebrated with much vigor each form of dance and music is Assam is extraordinary. Some of the famous dances of Assam are Bihu Dance (the most popular dance performed by young boys and girls characterized by brisk stepping, flinging and flipping of hands), Satriya Nritya, a beautiful classic dance of Assam, Bhor Tal Nritya , an extension of Sankari culture, Chah Baganar Jumur Nach (Jumur dance of tea garden), Bagurumba dance of Bodos, Mishing's Ali Ai Ligang. There are many other folk dance forms in Assam like Husari and Bihunas, Dhuliya and Bhawariya, Deodhani, Zikirs, Mohauhau or Mahkheda and Apsara-Sabah.
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Assam on a Platter
Quench your appetite, mollycoddle your taste buds by the redolent flavors of Assam. Different from other adjoining states, the cuisine of Assam is an amalgamation of authentic styles with a pinch of local variety and external influence. A peculiar feature of Assam's culinary is the minimum use of oil and spice but extensive use of herbs, fruits and vegetables. The preparations are not that lavish and use of jaggery or sugar is main. A classic Assam platter will have a starter Khar , a group of some dishes that are named after the main ingredient and will end with tenga, a sour dish. The cuisine of Assam has many vegetarian and non vegetarian delights for gourmets. The staple food of Assam is rice cooked in many ways- boiled, roasted, pulverized or just soaked. Curry of boiling vegetables accompanies rice. Pithas made from rice powder is essential for many dishes here.
Taking non vegetarian dishes, fish of many types like the rou, the illish, and the chital is the main dish in Assam. Birds like duck and pigeon; partridge and chicken, mutton are fondly relished and particularly favorite are the pork dishes. The exotic side dishes in Assam are made of steamed or roasted vegetables. Eri polu (pupa of Eri silkworm and fermented bamboo shoot) is very famous and savored dish in Assam.
Assam tourism will definitely appeal to your senses. This land has always attracted herds of people to explore and discover the gems of nature. So when are you planning your vacation in ASSAM? Assam tourism awaits to thrill you.
Sikkim tourism is incredible! Sikkim is a wonderland in the bosom of Eastern Himalayas with its avant garde surroundings and spectacular tableau. The Shangrila, the Mt. Kanchenjunga makes Sikkim a charming land representing a concoction of Buddhism and Tibetology. With Buddhism predominant in the state you will see many monasteries and ruby clad monks on your Sikkim tour. For you, the nature lovers, the state has eminent orchids sanctuary where 500 indigenous species of orchids are found. An Sikkim tour has many druthers for adventurers. On your way to trekking you will witness many quaint dales and mountain lakes. A base for mountaineering expeditions the rivers of Teesta and Rangeet are superb for river rafting.
How to Reach Sikkim
By Air : The nearest airport Bagdogra, near Siliguri in West Bengal, is connected by air to New Delhi, Kolkata and Guawahati. You can also commute by helicopter to Sikkim.
By Rail: Siliguri (114 kms) and New Jalpaiguri (125 kms) are the two closest railway stations connecting Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Guwahati and other important cities in India with Sikkim.
By Road: The state is connected by road to Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Siliguri and also to all the District Headquarters within Sikkim. Also a bus service is offered by The Sikkim Nationalized Transport (SNT) from all major cities and towns in North Bengal to Gangtok.
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A 15 day Restricted Area Permit is required for the Foreign tourists for Sikkim tourism. Indians do not require any special permit for entering the state except for some restricted areas.
Sikkim Tourism - Fact File
Altitude: 5, 500 ft.
Area: 7,096 sq. kms.
Climate: Summer: Maximum temperature: 21 Degree C, min 13 Degree C
Winter: Maximum temperature: 13 Degree C, min 0.48 Degree C.
Clothing: Summer: Light woolens & cottons
Winter: Heavy Woolens
Religion: Mahayana Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and other religion are also practiced.
Language Spoken : Nepali, Hindi, English, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo
Best season to visit: Best time for Sikkim tour depends on what you want to enjoy. To enjoy a Jeep Safari and culture tours, the best period is March to mid – June and October to December. January to February is very cold with snowfall in North Sikkim thereby best for enjoying snow fall. For trekking the best time is spring, summer and autumn coinciding with March to May and October to November.
Cities of Sikkim
Gangtok: The city is substantiation of “Unity in Diversity” with an admix of various cultures and religions existing in this small and beautiful city at the backdrop of Ranipool River. Gangtok has a ecumenical essence with primitive charm and hospitality allowing a pinch of advancement and adoption of modernization. The major tourist attractions in the city are Rumtek Dharma Chakra Center, Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden, Tsomgo/ Changu Lake, Menmecho Lake, Shri Nalanda Institute for Higher Buddhist Studies, Mahatma Gandhi Marg (a shopper's delight), Labrang Monastery, Enchey Monastery, Tsulakhang Royal, Deer Park / Rustomji Park, Kechopari Lake (wishing lake) and Phurchachu Reshi Hot Springs.
Pelling: The city derives its name from Pemalingpa monastery. The plush view of Mt. Kanchenjunga, clamorous waterfalls and thick woods make the city a hot destination on Sikkim tourism. Among the famous waterfalls are Kanchenjunga Falls, Changay Falls (on Sing Shore Bridge), Phamrong Falls and Rimbi Falls. The major tourist attractions in the city are Pemayangtse Monastery, Sangacholing Monastery, Rabdentse Ruins, Khecheopalri Lake, Tashiding Monastery and Singshore Suspension Bridge.
Yuksom: You probably cannot miss out on this destination on your Sikkim tour. This exotic village has alluring mountain peaks and is base for Khanchendzonga National Park trek, Dzongri or Goechala Pass. The Heritage site, Coronation Throne, Dubdi Monastery, Tendong Hill, Ravangla, Menam Hill, Borong, Versey, Namchi, Temi Tea Garden, Water Garden, Tsomgo Lake and Tashi View Point are worth visiting here.
Gezing:Travel Sikkim to explore Gezing. Gyalshing or Gezing, as it is also called, is an enjoyable town distinctive with its moderate temperature. The ancient town of Yuksom is in close vicinity to the city. You can also enjoy Pemyangtse monastery, Khecheopalri Lake and The Palace of the Chogyals.
Jorethang: A major business center in south Sikkim is also famous for the festivals celebrated here with great fervor. This city is a division between Sikkim and West Bengal. The town is manifestation of diverse cultures and religions which you will defintely enjoy when you travel Sikkim this vacation.
Mangan:The district headquarters of North Sikkim is a small village with exquisite flora and fauna and miniature gardens. You will enjoy seeing the spectacular view of mount Siniolchu (a range of mount Kanchenjunga) and worth visit are Phensong and Phodong Monastery.
Namchi: The headquarters of the South Sikkim is an embodiment of beauty and splendor. Tourists are attracted to this place for the immense pleasure it offers. This “Sky High” place has many places for enjoying like Tendong Hill, Temi Tea Garden, Samdrupste, Helipad, Doling Gumpa, Rock Garden, Namchi Monastery.
Kalimpong:This beautiful hill station is ideal for relaxing vacations on your Sikkim tour. It has many places that attract hordes of tourists like Thongsha Gompa, Zong Dog Palri Fo-Brang Monastery, Tharpa Choling Monastery, Nature Interpretation Centre, Mangal Dhaam, Colonial Bungalows, Dr. Graham's Homes Campus, Kalimpong Arts and Crafts centre, Dharmodaya Vihar, Kali Mandir, Gauri Pur House. There are some panoramic snow views of Kanchenjunga, Siniolchu, Paunhari, Lama Anden, Chola, Nathu La, Jalep La and Gymochen peaks from Durpin Dara and Deolo View Point, Lava, Lolaygaon, Rikkisum Pedong and Rishap are also equally beautiful.
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Adventure Sports in Sikkim
Trekking in Sikkim
Trekking on Sikkim tourism will be a lifetime experience for the trekkers with so many enthralling and enchanting treks to discover. The unstained enormous expanses entice the trekkers for that amazing expedition. Steal a moment from the time on your expedition, behold the pristine beauty of flora and fauna and experience the awe of nature's craft. One such trek to the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary takes you through jungles of silver fir, hemlock, magnolia and rhododendron. Adding to the charm is the view of Kanchenjunga. Enjoy your trekking on the most popular trek of The Dzongri - Goecha La Trek encountering lavish mountain vistas and floral carnival in summers, and exotic birds and dense forests.
Some popular treks of Sikkim tourism are Monastic Trek, Rhododendron Trek, Khangchendzonga Trek, Coronation Trek, Khedi Trek, Singalila Trek, Kosturi Orar Trek, Samartek Trek, Rinchenpong/Soreng Trek, Himalayan Trek, Tosha Lake Trek, Chewabanjyang Trek, Meanam Hill Trek and Tendong Hill Trek. Trekking on one or all treks will a memeorable experience for the trekkers on Sikkim tour.
River Rafting in Sikkim
For the adventure junkies there are placid and gentle water bodies and those torrential and tumultuous ones also. A river rafting expedition, wavering through the rough and rugged mountain regions, in the amazing Teesta will be an awesome experience. The wood land around the riverbanks, the harvests in bloom, the scattered villages are all expecting your visit. Travel Sikkim to conquer the rapids the evr enrgetic rivers
Kayaking in Sikkim
If you are a bit experienced then this adventure is just for you. Take a kayak and challenge the currents of turbulent river. Enjoy a kayaking expedition in a group on Teesta river.
Mountain Biking in Sikkim
There are multiple alternatives for you to start your Mountain Biking Expedition in the state. Take the bike and get going to either a technical mountain biking experience or on other routes that offer great landscape to ride through. Some biking routes of the state are as:
Gangtok – Rumtek – Sang – Sirwani – Temi – Damthang – Rabong – Kewzing – Tashiding – Yoksum – Geyzing – Dentam – Rinchenpong – Soreng – Sombaria - Jorthang – Namchi - Rangpo.
Gangtok – Phodong – Rangrang – Dikchu – Makha – Sirwani - Temi
Gangtok – Rumtek – Sang – Sirwani – Temi – Namchi – Jorthang – Melli
Gangtok – Rumtek – Sang – Sirwani – Temi – Namchi – Namthang - Rangpo
Mountaineering in Sikkim
The land of Sikkim is bestowed with mighty Himalayas. The adventurers try to challenge the towering cliffs of the mountains. Jopuno, Tinchenkhang, Frey’s Peak, Lamo Angden and Byrmkhangse are the popular peaks of Sikkim attract many adventure freaks. Obtain a permit for mountaineering on these peaks and experience that high ecstasy. May to October is the best time for mountaineering in Sikkim.
Yak Riding in Sikkim
You can enjoy a yak safari on your Sikkim tour which is sure to make you experience utter excitement. The vibrant colored yaks clad in woolen knitwear on the horns and forehead, the bells hung round the neck, are all set to take to you to mountains or a lake. Dzongiri and Tsomgo Lake trek are the most popular trek for yak safari. Behold the beauty of Sikkim during your yak safari.
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Hang Gliding in Sikkim
For every human there has been a fascinating temptation to fly high like a liberal bird. This is possible. Yes ! Hang Gliding will make you soar high in the blue celestial. Without any obstacle in your way you can just have fun flying and trying to touch the sky apparently at a hand stretch.
Bird Watching in Sikkim
For those who love watching and admiring birds in their natural environs, Sikkim tourism would be a great option. As the state is rich in flora and fauna, it is an eden for naturalists and tourists. The avian population is upto 550 species. With varying temperature zones, from tropical hot valleys to snowy cold regions, the place shelters many rare and exquisite birds like Silver Fir, hemlocks, magnolia, Rhododendrons, Maroon-Backed Accentor, Red-faced Liocichla, migrant ducks, Black-necked Crane, Black-tailed Crane, Blood Pheasant, Himalayan Monal, Brown Parotbill, Fire-tailed Myzornis, Cutia, Sapphire flycatcher, White browned Bush Robin, Grandala, Rufous - breasted Accentors, White winged and collared Grosbeaks and Spot-winged Rosefinch.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Sikkim
As the state has moderate temperature it furnishes natural habitat for the wilds, the untamed and the docile. There are many National Parks and Sanctuaries that provide a dwelling for these animals. Some of the Parks and Sanctuaries are as Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Singba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary and Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary. Travel Sikkim to explore its wild world.
Monasteries in Sikkim
Guru Padmasambhava, the great Buddhist saint who visited Sikkim in the 8th century had blessed the state to extract all the negativities from the place. Ever Since then Buddhism is all predominant in the state. Many Monasteries stand a witness to the Buddhist cult of society. The gompas in the state preserve the ancient Tibetan manuscripts, exquisitely carved wood work and icons of silver and gold. Among the famous monasteries in Sikkim some are:
Rumtek Monastery: This is the most enshrined monastery located in East Sikkim. The monastery is a reservoir for the relics (the possessions of the 16th Karmapa), Retreat Center, 'Shedra' (monastic college), Nunnery, Stupas (protector's shrine).
Pemayangtse Monastery: This monastery of Nyingma sect of Buddhists is located in West Sikkim and provides a magnificent view of Mt. Kanchenjunga. The main attraction here is the Sculpted painting of 'Sangthopalri'.
Enchey Monastery: This religious site of Nyingma sect of Buddhists is located in East Sikkim.The name of the monastery literally means “Solitary Temple” . This monastery also nestles prehistoric idols and images of Gods, Goddesses and other religious things. Buddha, Loki Sharia and Guru Padmasambhava are worshiped here.
Tsuk La Khang Monastery:It is the sovereign gompa of the erstwhile Royal family of Sikkim. A major place of worship and assembly for the Buddhists. The two-storeyed monastery is the storekeep of collected works of Buddhist scriptures.
Labrang Monastery: This leading monastery of the state is located in North Sikkim. Gyalshe Rigzing Chempa made this monastery built to to commemorate Latsun Chembo of Kongpu who initiated and propagated Nyingmapa School of Tibetan Buddhism. The name of the monastery literally means “The Lamas Dwelling”.
Phensang Monastery: This monastery of Nyingmapa sect of Buddhism is located in North Sikkim and is famous for the annual festival held in December. People are amused by the 'Chaam' (mask dance) dance performances of the Lamas. People come to this monastery to pay homage year after year.
Phodong Monastery: Deemed as the first monastery of Kagyupa sect in Sikkim, this is situated in North Sikkim on a hill top. This most monastery of Sikkim was built by Chogyal Gyurmed Namgyal. Here also a annual festival is celebrated where Chaam is performed.
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Ralang Monastery: This legendary monastery of Sikkim is the most significant and most revered one. Located in South Sikkim the prime attraction of this monastery is the wonderful agglomeration of paintings and 'Pang Lhabsol' festival.
Tashiding Monastery: This monastery located in the West Sikkim was erected by Ngadak Sempa Chembo. The main attraction of the monastery is the sacred chorten (stupa) known by the name of 'Thong-Wa-rang-Dol' which literally means 'Saviors by mere sight'. As per beliefs, the very sight of the stupa purges away the sins. The monastery has Buddhist Mantras, old edifices, stupas and stone plates. Celebration of 'Bumchu' adds to the charm of this monastery.
Tourist Spots in Sikkim
Tourists are attracted to Sikkim for the cherished beauty and serenity of the place. There are many spots in North, South, East and West part that can be explored on Sikkim tourism Sikkim.
In North Sikkim tourists can enjoy seeing Mangan (the capital of North Sikkim famous for the Phensong and Phodong Monastery), Kabi Longtsok (the place where Sikkimese history incepted), Phodong Monastery, Singhik (offering a picturesque view of Mt. Kanchenjunga and its adjoining peaks), Chungthang Monastery, Lachen (base for mountaineering and trekking expeditions), Yumthang Valley, Chungthang, Lachung, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Thangu, Gurudongmar and Chopta Valley.
In South Sikkim you can enjoy Namchi (the capital of South Sikkim), Ravangla (an ideal destination for village tourism, tea gardens, monasteries, flora and fauna, mountains picturesque view, waterfalls, quaint villages, culture), Temi Tea Garden, Tendong Hill and Maenam Hill.
If you are in East Sikkim do not miss out Government Institute of Cottage Industry, Do-Drul Chorten (Stupa), Deer Park (Rustomji Park), White Hall, Enchey Monastery, Tashi View Point, Ganesh Tok (temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha), Hanuman Tok (temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman).
In West Sikkim do check out Gyalshing (Geyzing the headquarter of West Sikkim), Pemayangtse Monastery, Yuksom (the ancient capital of Sikkim), Tashiding Monastery, Pelling, Khecheopalri Lake, Uttaray, Versay, Barshey , Biksthang, Legship, Rinchenpong, Reshi Hot Springs, Rabdentse and Norbhugang.
Shopping in Sikkim
Travel Sikkim as it is a good spot for shopping freaks. Just know where and what to get hold of, and your shopping will be complete fun. The land is proud of its traditional arts and crafts that may allures you to posses them at random. Exploring the state for the local assets will be pleasurable thing to do. Gangtok has The Old Market, Lall Market, M.G. Road, Gangtok Market, Gramin Vikas Agency and New Market which are the main shopping places, where you can shop the aristocratic articles of Sikkim. While treasuring a memento on your Sikkim tourism, do not forget to bargain with the shopkeepers, who generally quote higher price tags. Else go to the Tibetan Handicrafts Centre which is a trusted name to shop in Sikkim. The not-so-good bargainers can go to Government Emporiums, where they will get right price as well as quality assurance.
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In the local markets check out for Woven Woolen Carpets and Blankets, Thangkas – traditional paintings on cotton canvas and often framed with silk, Choksee or small wooden tables, Sweaters and Jackets, Wall Hanging and Antiques with Buddhist motifs, Wooden and Bamboo Artifacts, Jewelery, Sikkim Tea ('Solja' and Khangchendzonga') Cardamom or Elachi, Yak's cheese (chhurpi), Lepcha Weave bags, in addition to the Tibetan and Sikkemese Garments.
Culture of Sikkim
The three ethnic groups of people represent a synthesis of three diverse cultures, traditions, religions in Sikkim. These communities of Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalese are a analogous interfusion with their distinct identity. If there is a temple, there is also a mosque, if there is a monastery there is also a church.
Lepchas are deemed as the primitive inhabitants of Sikkim much before even the existence of Bhutias and Nepalese. The earlier Lepchas believed in bone faith or mune faith based on good and bad spirits of mountains, rivers and forests but later adopted Buddhism and Christianity. The Lepcha folklore abounds in stories with a simple lifestyle. They speak Lepcha language and are basically limited to the central Sikkim. The Lepcha men wear “Pagi” a stripped dress made of cotton whereas Lepcha women wear two piece dress. Lepchas allow polyandry marriages. A house of a Lepcha is nothing more than a bamboo hut elevated about five feet above the ground on stilts. The rooms are less in number with a few essentials. Their main occupation is fishing and hunting. Lepchas are good archers.
Bhutias are the people originally from Kham area in the Eastern Tibet who follow Lamanism and their lingua franca is Sikkimese language, a dialect of the Tibetan Language. They are called Lachenpas and Lachungpas in the North Sikkim. Bhutia villages are large in size as comapred to the those of Lepchas. “Khin”, a Bhutia house, is rectangular in shape. The Bhutia men wear “Bakhu”, a traditional loose cloak style dress with full sleeves. And the Bhutia women dote on pure gold jewelery and are clad in a silken “Honju”, a full sleeve blouse and a loose gown in style fastened with a belt near the waist. “Pangdin” a loose sheet of vibrant woolen cloth with special motifs denotes the marital status of the lady. A Bhutia marriage is settled through negotiations. The boy's uncle goes to the girl's house to ask for her hand for marriage of his nephew.
Nepalese are the main residents of the state who migrated after Lepchas and Bhutias. The terrace farming style of cultivation and production of cardamom was introduced by these people. Except Sherpas and Tamangs who are Buddhists, other people are basically Hindu. Newars is that sect of people of people whose occupation is business. Nepali, which is akin to Hindi and uses Devanagri script, is spoken and understood by people over the state. Nepali men wear “Daura Suruwal”, a long double breast traditional dress flowing below the waist with a trouser. The Nepali women wear "Chow Bandi Choli", a double breasted outfit and a shawl “Majetro”. Several tribes, like the Gurungs, Limbus, Tamangs and Rais, comprise the Nepali community.
Festivals Of Sikkim
The state celebrates many festivals because of admix of various religion and cultures. These Festivals are classified as :
Buddhist Festivals:The famous Buddhist festivals that you can witness on your Sikkim tourism are Saga Dawa (the Triple Blessed Festival and is considered as the holiest of the holy Buddhist Festivals), Lhabab Dhuechen (symbolizing the Descent of Buddha from the heaven), Drukpa Tsheshi (o mark the event when Buddha first turned the Wheel of Dharma ), Phang Lhabsol (popularised by the third Chogyal of Sikkim, Chakdor Namgyal and celebrated on the 15th day of the 7th month around the end of August), Losoong (marks the culmination of harvest season), Losar (the advent of New Year), Bumchu (celebrated at the monastery at Tashiding in the month of January or February), Guru Rimpoche's Trungkar Tshechu, Kagyed Dance (performed on the 28th and 29th day of the 10th month of the Tibetan Calendar, around December) and KalChakra Puja.
Hindu Festivals: The popular festivals of Hindus are Dasain/ Dusshera/ Durga Puja (usually celebrated in October symbolizing the victory of good over evil), Tihar or Tyohar/ Diwali (celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama, his consort Sita and brother Lakshmana, to their kingdom after 14 years of exile), Saraswati Puja (celebrated in January to honor the Goddess of Knowledge Saraswati), Janamashtami (celebrated in August or September to commemorate the birth of Lord Krishna), Vishwakarma Puja (observed on 17th September every year to honour Vishwa Karma - the God of Machines), Maghe Sankranti (Makar Sankranti celebrated in January), Holi (marks the advent of spring season) and Ramnavami /Chaite Dasain (to commemorate birth of Lord Ram).
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Other Festivals: Namsoong (an Indigenous festival of Lepchas to welcome the new year which begins from the first day of first month), Sakewa ( festival of the Rai community for Kubera, the God of wealth), Bhanu Jayanti, Tendong Lho-Rum-Faat (a Lepcha thanks giving festival to Tendong Hill), Teyongsi Srijunga Sawan Tognam, Christmas, Tamu Lochar and Nyempa Guzom.
Dance And Music Of Sikkim
The communities have their own traditional folk dance forms. The Nepalese, the Lepchas and the Sikkimese have unique folk dances, each different and each amusingly groovy.
Folk Dances of Nepali:
Maruni: One of the oldest and most popular dances of the Nepalese associated with the festival of Tihar(Tyohar) or Diwali and various ceremonies and occasions.
Tamang Selo: Performed on occasions like marriage ceremony, childbirth and village fairs with the rhythmic sound of the "Damphoo", a musical instrument.
Dhaan Naach: A projection of rich Nepali cultural heritage.
Dau Ra JaneZo-Mal-Lok: It is performed during the happy ceremonies by the young girls in their traditional and vibrant outfits.
Sebru Naach: It is a narration of the lifestyle of the Sherpas who are very fond of performing arts like dance and songs.
Folk Dances of Lepcha
Zo-Mal-Lok: A depiction of sowing, reaping and harvesting of paddy.
Chu Faat: It is is performed in honour of the Mount Khangchendzonga and its four associate peaks, Mt.Pandim, Mt. Kabru, Mt. Simbrum and Mt. Narshing.
Kar Gnok Lok: This “Dance of Swans” is a depiction of tarriance of a group of migratory swans.
Dharma Jo: It depicts the harvest season among Lepchas.
Mon Dryak Loks: A hunting dance for the supposedly adept hunters.
Tendong Lho Faat: A folklore retold to the new generation corresponding the divine events in Vedas.
Mun Hait Lok: A traditional dance by both Lepcha men and women.
Folk Dances of Sikkimese
Talachi: The dance is accompanied with a folklore related to a king.
Lu Khangthamo: This dance is a day of thanks giving to all Gods and deities of the three worlds, Heaven, Earth and Hell.
Gha To Kito: This is a song cum dance which describes all about the treasures of Sikkim.
Be Yu Mista: Males and females perform to applaud Sikkim in this dance form.
Chi Rimu: A much popular dance for happy events and ceremonies performed by old and young.
Rechungma: It is performed on the happy occasions like childbirth, marriage and other social gatherings.
Gnungmala Gnunghey: It is a typical Bhutia fold dance performed in praise, by both male and female
Tashi Zaldha: This dance depicts the Bhutia custom of offering scarves, performed by boys and girls.
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Enchey Chaam: A famous mask dance performed by lamas in the 'Gompa' courtyard to celebrate religious festivals, dances demonstrate perfect footwork and grace.
Rumtek Chaam: The most important dance performed on the 10th day of the 5th month of the Tibetan calendar, corresponding to the month of June.
Kagyed Dance: A symbolism of the destruction of the evil forces and hoping for peace and prosperity to flourish in every Sikkimese home, it is performed on the 28th and 29th day of the 10th month of the Tibetan Calendar, around December.
Gouthor(Winter) Chaam: This is performed in the month of February usually two days prior to Losar.
There are some places on earth that have a magnetic charm. They are not hotspots as per tourism statistics but when you visit that place, you feel elated. It is as if why did you not explore the region earlier. Manipur India is one such place. Located in the northeast part of India, Manipur charms you with its simplicity and serenity. Manipur tourism is a great option if you want to get away from the hustle and bustle of city life.
How to Reach Manipur India
The capital city of Imphal is connected to other parts by air nd road
By Air : Imphal is connected by air to important cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati, Aizawal and Silchar
By Rail: Imphal cannot be reached directly by rail. You can reach upto Guwahati and Dimapur by rail and from there onwards take a bus or flight to reach Imphal
By Road: Bus services operated by Manipur State Road Transport Corporation(MSRTC) connect Imphal to Guwahati,Silchar, Dimapur and Komiha.
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Fast Facts on Manipur India
Area: 22,327 sq km
Climate: Summer (Mar to June) - Warm, Monsoon (July to September) - Warm and Humid Winter (October to February) - Chilly and Very Cold
Clothing: Summer - Cottons, Winter - woolens.
Language Spoken : Manipuri , Hindi, English, Burmese, and Tibetian
Best season to visit: October to February
Manipur Tourism offers you a chance to explore the cities Visit Imphal, the capital city where lush greenery and clear sky will capitavte your imagination. Bishnupur boasts of having the only floating National Park in the World - Keibul Lamjao National Park on the Loktak Lake, Catch a glimpse of the dancing deer in this wetland. Apart from this you can also visit Chandel, Churachandpur, Senapati and Tamenglong.
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As stated above, a visit to Keibul Lamjao National Park is a must for travellers on Manipur tourism. Apart from this, the Manipur Zoological Garden located just six kms from Imphal is also worth visiting
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Culture of Manipur
Though small in size, Manipur is rich in culture and heritage. On your Manipur tourism trail, do enjoy the various fairs and festivals, dance and music and the traditional sport of Manipuris - archery.
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Shopping in Manipur
Shopping is an integral part of Manipur tourism. You just cannot miss out traditional Manipuri handwoven textiles, the Manipuri dance doll , handicrafts from bamboo, papier mache, decorative ivory and jewelleries.
Arunachal Pradesh India
The eastern crest of India cocoons a mystical land of bliss- Arunachal Pradesh. This 'Land of Rising Sun' has many wonders and attractions for travelers. The wavering rivers, the snow clad mountains, the stubborn plains, exclusive flora and fauna, legendary cultural heritage trailing since ancient times, the habitat of wild savages, the thick woodlands, the historical heritages, the tribal terrains.... Ahh! A lot many to have a rendezvous with on Arunachal Pradesh tourism. Each of the attractions in Arunachal Pradesh is at par. Among the thousands of species of orchids as many as 600 species of orchid are found in Arunachal Pradesh India. The foreign tourists to Arunachal Pradesh require a Restricted Area Permit and the Indian tourists need an Inner Line Permit.
How to Reach
By Rail: It is well connected with rest of India. The closest railway station is Harmuty located at a distance of 33 km from Itanagar.
By Air: Lilabari Airport of Assam is the nearest airport for the state.
By Road: A good connectivity by bus is provided by Arunachal State Transport and Private transport operators. A direct bus facility from Guwahati (381km), Shillong (481km), Tezpur (216km), Dibrugarh (375km), Tinisukia (415 km), Jorhat (245km), Nagaon (275km), Namsai (495km) connects to Itanagar.
Best Time to Visit: The best time for Arunachal Pradesh travel is October to April.
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Cities of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh tourism has many places of interest. Some of them are:
Itanagar: It is the capital city of Arunachal Pradesh. Tourists can visit many places of interest here which are evidences of glorious past of the state. Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum, The Buddhist Temple, Ganga Lake (Gyaker Sinyi), The State Museum and Polo Park are of prime attraction of Arunachal tourism.
Tawang: This region is a home of the Monpa tribes and a prominent place of the Mahayana Buddhists sect. The city is famous for the oldest Buddhist monastery or Gompa locally called as the 'Galden Namgyal Lhatse' overlooking the vale of Tawang. It is just perfect for adventure sports like trekking and hiking.
Basar: It is census town and a shelter for tribal communities like Adi, Memba and Khamba. You can visit the popular Tibetan Buddhist temple, Mechuka Gompa here on Arunachal Pradesh tourism.
Bomdila: If you want to relax in the lap of nature visit Bomdila where you get to see the illustrious landscape, mountains wearing a scarf of snow, apple groves, pleasant weather, affectionate people and Buddhist Monasteries. On Arunachal Pradesh tourism, this terrain is apt for trekking and hiking expeditions. Check out the Crafts Center manufacturing finest of the carpets with unique hues and motifs.
Bhalukpong / Tipi: A botanical delight, an orchidarium at Tipi, showcases 300 species of flora and fauna. Turbulent water falls, Perennially fresh forests, and lavish expanse gives opportunity for photo adventure. The rambling Kameng river is hot spot for white water rafting and angling in Arunachal Pradesh India.
Malinithan: This legendary land located in the Siang foothills is associated with Lord Krishna. A number of pilgrims flock to this place revering this dilapidated temple site. The classical Akashi Ganga waterfalls, exotic view of titanic Brahmaputra River and its tributaries attracts many tourists for Arunachal tourism.
Ziro: Picturesque Ziro is located on the Apatani Plateau. It becomes a tourist attraction with its exquisite landscapes and tribal culture. Do not miss out on visiting Tarin, the high-altitude fish farm, the famous whispering pine grove and the craft centre. Enjoy watching sunrise from the hilltop where the sun rays touch you to make you fell the awe of nature.
Wildlife in Arunachal Pradesh
Given to the topographical and climatic suitability, the woods of Arunachal Pradesh offer a natural habitat for the mammals. Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds are some rare and endangered species of animals and birds which are conserved in two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh.
Namdhapa National Park, Pakhui Sanctuary, Itanagar Sanctuary, Daying Ering Sanctuary, Mehao Sancuary, Kane Sanctaury, Eagle's Nest Sanctuary, Kamlang Sanctuary, Dibang Sanctuary, Sessa Orchid Sanctuary And Mouling National Park shelters many herbivores and have aided in preserving the many imperiled species of flora and fauna. To name some are Capped Langur, Red panda, Takin, Musk deer, Tiger, Leopard, Snow-leopard, Clouded leopard, Barking Deer, Serow, Honger, Small cats, Black Bear and rare birds.
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Adventure in Arunachal Pradesh
Enjoy a adventurous Arunachal Pradesh tour with tremendous elated thrill. Blessed with dense evergreen forests coupled with turbulent streams, rivers and gorges and infinite of species of flora and fauna there are a number of adventure sports in Arunachal Pradesh. Think of a sport and you will find the state beckoning you. From trekking to hiking, fishing and angling, river rafting and bird watching. The Bomdila Tawang region is the first choice of adventure seekers for trekking. You can have fun while indulging in angling in the Kameng, Subansiri, Lohit, Siang and Tirap Rivers. The hills you come across while trekking while have many rare and unique flora and fauna. So just have your rucksack and get going to enjoy the ultimate thrill on your Arunachal Pradesh tourism.
Hill Stations of Arunachal Pradesh
The hill stations of the state are a perfect runaway from the monotonous and somberly hectic metro lifestyle and hence attract loads of visitors for Arunachal Pradesh tourism. The serene atmosphere, the lush greenery, the pleasant weather, meandering water bodies, breathtaking sites and prominent hillocks will assuage your mind and body, heart and soul. Some hill stations of Arunachal Pradesh India:
Haflong: Visit this hilly terrain if you are looking for enchanting natural scenic charm. Blossoming blue orchards and pera, pineapple and oranges are the main attractions of Haflong. Summing up to its beauty is the lake 'Haflong Lake' in the city.
Pashighat: If you wish to see suzerainty of nature visit Pashighat and experience on your own what a pacifying influence you will have here. It is the oldest city of the state and acts as the 'Gateway to the state of Arunachal Pradesh India. Indulge in photography adventure or feel the charisma of nature. The stately Brahmaputra acquires the name of Siang from hereon and meanders to Tibet.
Ziro/ Zero: This spot is surrounded by snow peaked mountains from all sides. The modest rivers Subansiri, Nishi, Apatani, Dafla, and Miri add up to the charm of the place. Enjoy a TRIBAL TOUR in this region and have a rendezvous with the Apatani tribes to know about their culture, traditions and lifestyle. Besides you can also enjoy wildlife tour and speleology. Yes ! the sanctuaries and the caves make sit possible.
Tawang:This center of Buddhism nestles the oldest Buddhist Monastery. The other attractions of the place are the mighty mountains, deep vales, torrential waterfalls and infinite lakes and Tawanchu river.
Monasteries in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh India is a region marked with the Buddhist Monasteries. Discovering and rediscovering yourself through meditation is what you get to learn on your Arunachal Pradesh tourism. The three monasteries here are to purge out we mortals.
Tawang Monastery: The Lamaistic faith of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism in the terrain makes it the largest monastery. Also named as the 'Galden Namgyal Lhatse', the Tawang monastery bears to have given birth to the 6th Dalai Lama. Traveling amidst the tress of oak, pine, rhododendron and bamboo forests, with breathtaking views of the mountains and valleys all around enthralls the travelers.
Bomdila Monastery:In close proximity to the Tibetan border, the Bomadila Monastery boasts of having the largest and newest monastery called 'The Gelugpa Gompa'. The attractive surroundings snow caps and apple orchards will excite you. Do not miss to check out Sela Pass, the orchid centres at Tippi and Sessa. Go to the craft center at Bomdila for seeing the beautiful local woolen rugs and carpets with vibrant Tibetan motifs.
Urgelling Monastery: Enveloped in the elegant environs of Himalayas and the picturesque Tawang-Chu valley, the Urgelling monastery has special importance for the Lamaistic Mahayana sect of Buddhists.
This monastery in Arunachal Pradesh India has a single temple and is an abode of monks who meditate and practice Buddhist activities.
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Fairs and Festivals of Arunachal Pradesh
The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh celebrates the moments of life by observing various fairs and festivals. Each tribe has its own festival associated with husbandry and to seek blessings from God, to pay Him gratitude of good harvest. Undertake Arunachal Pradesh tourism to be a part of some of these colourful and vibrant festivals. Some of the important festivals are Solung, Mopin, Losar, Boori Boot, Dree, Nechi Dau, Khan, Kshyat-Sowai, Loku, Longte Yullo, Mol, Nyokum, Ojiale, Reh, Sanken, Si-Donyi and Tamladu. These festivals are celebrated by folk tribal dance and music. Few festivals of relative importance are the Festivals of Apatani (Myokoh, Dree and Murung), Festivals of Nishi (Siron Molo Socham, Nyokum, Yulo), Festivals of Monpa (Losar, Jomu and Chosker), Festivals of Adi (Mopin and Solung), Festivals of Idu (Reh), Festivals of Bangni (Mlokom yulo and other festivals), Festivals of Tazin (Si-Doni), Festivals of Hill Miri (Boori Boot ).
The 'Solung' festival of 'Adis' is a five day feast for seeking happiness and prosperity. It is celebrated in order to have a plentiful harvest, to raise more mithuns and pigs and also to be free from natural casualties and calamities. Celebrated by the Gallong community of Adis there is another festival 'Mopin' to avoid natural calamities, epidemics evil effects of bad spirits and for good yield, health, wealth and prosperity. A grand celebration lasts for five days in the month of April.
The important festivals of 'Monpas', Losar and Chosker, are to observe the commencement of the new year in the former and reading the holy scriptures in the latter. Then the religious books are taken to the fields in a procession for good harvest. Each festival of these traibl communities is unioque wqaty of expressing their gratitude and offering humble prayer.
Culture of Arunachal Pradesh
People Lifestyle and Religion
Arunachal Pradesh India is replete with numerous tribes and sub tribes with a discreet and rich culture. The variety of ethnic groups, communities, languages, class and religion is quite evident in the state. The socio- religious differences among the communities classify the people of the state into three broad categories.
Of these, the First group of people comprises of Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts who are the followers of Lamaistic tradition of Mahayana Buddhist sect.
The Second group includes the persons from Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishmis, Mijis, Thongsas tribes whose deity God are the Sun and the Moon. The tribes of Noctes and Wanchos, significantly located in the Tirap district, form the Third group. These people believe in Vaishnavism.
In terms of religion, the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh India believe in a God or Super Natural Entity with few spirits and deities. They also believe in the existence of God at two places – in Heaven and on Earth. The high God is believed to be sympathetic, obliging and generous. The people have unwavering faith their deities and God.
Dance and Music of Arunachal Pradesh
Dance and music is synonymous to the jubilating spirit in the state. It is an essential part of each tribe and makes for an interesting cultural exploration on Arunachal Pradesh tourism. Men and women, young and old all take part this affair of celebration. People dance on certain occasions, rituals, festivals or simply for vegging out. You can find many folk dances in Arunachal Pradesh as Aji Lamu (Monpa), Roppi (Nishing), Buiya (Nishing), Hurkani (Apatani), Popir (Adi), Pasi Kongki (Adi), Chalo (Nocte), Ponung (Adi), Rekham Pada (Nishing), Lion and Peacock dance (Monpa). These songs are best accompanied by folk songs sung by the people in a chorus and the musical instrument played like drums and cymbals.
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Art and Craft of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh Tourism unravels the exclusive expertise of craftsmanship of every tribe. The beauty of the products made by these people is a result of their labor and dexterity. Cane and Bamboo being the main craft of this region, the tribal people make very pretty hats embellished with beaks and feathers of birds along with varieties of baskets, bags and containers. Among other craft works weaving, painting, carpet making, wood carving, ornaments, pottery, smithy work and basketry are popular.
Divided in three zones according to the inheritance of art and craft the Sherdukpens and Monpas, the Khowa, Aka and Miji group are the first one who make lovely masks for the mask dance. The tribes of second group like Apantanis, Hill Miris and Adis has exposure to make cane and bamboo products. And the third group comprising of Wanchos have expertise in woodcarving.
Tourist Circuits of Arunachal Pradesh
There are Six main travel circuits in Arunachal Pradesh India. These are as:
Itanagar- Ziro- Daporjio-Along-Pashighat
Pashighat- Jenging – Yingkiong
Dibrugarh – Roing – Anini
Tinsukia – Tezu – Hauliang
Margerita – Miao - Namdhapa
Whether you want Arunachal Pradesh travel or any other part of north east India you have land in Guwahati first. Other cities are well connected from Guwahati. The beauty of the state is so enticing that no one feels like going back to that jungle of cement and concrete which is an offshoot of the metro life.
Shopping in Arunachal Pradesh
It is impossible to leave out shopping while you are on Arunachal Pradesh tourism. The state is a shoppers delight giving many opportunities to travel and explore the piece -de- resistance of the state. It will be an awesome experience buying the handicrafts of Arunachal. The adroit craftsmanship is apparent in the works of woodcarving, several paintings, pottery, weaving, paper making, carpentry and ivory work.
Check out the cups, saucers, dishes and fruit baskets made of Monpa wood. Who would like to miss on buying Sherdukpen shawls, Apatani Jackets and scarves Adi skirts, Mishmi shawls, Wancho bags Baskets and masks of wood. Hey ! the lovely ladies out there... check the jewelery pieces of beads. Yes they are tempting and you may find it quite difficult to succumb to its attraction. Remember to strike a good deal by bargaining with the vendors, this could also be equally exciting. Buy as per your choice and liking vis-a-vis woodcarving, ornaments, weaved items, carpets, potteries or cane and bamboo works. The ultimate decision is yours.
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
If you visit the state you will get see a herd of tribes here. A tribal tour to Arunachal gives you a chance to peep into the lifestyle and culture of the tribes residing in the remote villages of Arunachal Pradesh. You will be greeted by 26 major tribes and many sub tribes in the state. Some of the famous tribes are Adis, Apatanis, Mishmis, Monpas, Nyishi, Khambas and Membas, Idus, Deoris, Wanchos, Hrusso or Akas , Notches, Singphos, Khamptis, Tagins, Sherdukpens and many more.
Each of these tribes is distinct and different from other. They have their own ambit, their own culture, tradition, code of conduct, faith and belief, deity, festival and lifestyle yet there is a unifying force within them. “Linguistically diversified but socially unified” is what that makes these tribes so affectionate. Dwelling in different parts of the state these tribes gleefully celebrate each moment of life. If you wish to feel the pulse of the state just confabulate with these people and you get a glimpse of the community.
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Flora and Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh
The state takes pride in its rich legacy of flora and fauna. The floristics diversity owes to the wide range of forests. The topographical and climatic conditions lay grounds for rich flora and fauna in the state.Discover the rich flora and fauna of the state with Arunachal Pradesh tours
Arunachal is not called the “Orchid Paradise” just for name sake. It alone has 600 species of orchids from thousands found in India. These endangered and rare orchids are vibrant besides have blooming and long lasting flower traits. The Forest Department of Arunachal Pradesh takes care of the orchids at the established centers in various districts.Arunachal Pradesh tourism offers you a colourful opportunity to see these orchids.
The Medicinal Plants
An important element to make medicine for the ailments and seeking more monetary benefits for the state is what makes the medicinal plants all the more important. The state has as many as 500 species of medicinal plants. The commercial companies into pharmaceutical business seek these medicinal plants.
Fauna of the State
The Realm of Animals
Many herbivores and wild beasts have Arunachal as their home. Tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard, golden cat and marbled cat; species of primates (hoolock gibbon, slow loris, Assemese macaque, stumptailed macaque and capped langur); the three goat antelopes (serow, goral and takin ); other mammals as rodents (squirrels, porcupine and rats), civet, mongoose, linsang, shrew and bat species, musk deer, bharal, Himalayan black bear, red panda are abundant here.
The Realm of Birds
White winged duck, sclater monal, temmin'ck's tragopan, Bengal florican which are otherwise rare can be located here in the natural environs attracting you. As many as 500 species of birds will make you surprised.
The Realm of Others
Significant reptiles, amphibia and pisces are also a specialty of the state. You can find variety of sankes and those huge poisonous pythons you have always seen on television. Many species of butterflies, moths, beetles and all other kinds of small creatures allures Entomologists and Naturalists.
Meghalaya is an embodiment of eternal bliss and tranquility wrapped in utter beauty. The “Abode of Clouds” acquires its charm from the picturesque locales, bountiful nature, fresh and sedating surroundings and yes the adventure sports. The exposition of exuberant emerald hills and glens often bathing in frequent drizzles will resuscitate your spirits. Trip to Meghalaya India promises a rendezvous with the exclusive flora and fauna, the amicable tribal folks and their cultural heritage. Meghalaya tourism can be for adventure, for sightseeing, for resurrection or simply to relax and enjoy.
How to Reach Meghalaya India
By Air: The state has no airport. Guwahati is the nearest aiprport from Shillong (128Kms). But a helicopter services is operated by Guwahati and Tura for Shillong.
By Rail: The state has no railway station. Guwahati is the closest railway station.
By Road: The state has a good Road Network which encompasses the state conveniently. NH 40 connects the state with Guwahati and other cities of the country.
Entry Formalities: Foreign tourists need a valid visa which can be further extended and Indian tourists need not obtain any permit for entry.
Fact File of Meghalaya India
Area : 22,429 Sq. Km
Capital : Shillong
Districts : 7
Languages : Khasi, Garo, English
Climate: Summer : Minimum Temperature: 15.0 Degree Celsius.
Maximum Temperature: 23.3 Degree Celsius.
Winter : Minimum Temperature: 3.9 Degree Celsius
Maximum Temperature : 15.6 Degree Celsius
Best Time To Visit : July To January.
Places Of Interest In Meghalaya
Meghalaya India has many destinations that attract herd of travelers. Shillong, Cherapunjee, Mawsynram, Jakrem, Nartiang, Tura, Jowai, etc.
Shillong: The Capital City Of Meghalaya India, Shillong, is Marked with Charming Valleys, Huge Mountains, Lovely Lush Parks. Some Of The Famous Destinations Like Lady Hydari Park, Shillong Peak, Museum Of Entomology, Golf Links, Waterfalls, And Ward'S Lake In Shillong Form An Inevitable Part Of Meghalaya Tourism.
Cherapunjee: Known To Get The Maximum Amount Of Rainfall In The World It Is Famous For Nohsngithiang Falls In Meghalaya. The Beauty Of Exquisite Waterfalls Entices People From All Over The World.
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Mawsynram: Situated About 56 Km. Away From Shillong, It Is Known For The Huge Stalagmite Creation Shaped Like A Shivlinga And Known As 'Mawjymbuin'. Mawsynram Has Awesome Climate And So Allures The Tourist For Its Serene Ambiance.
Jakrem: Famous For The Hot Water Springs, It Has Nawphlang And Ranigodam As Favorite Spots For Picnic And Angling.
Jowai: The Gateway To Nartiang, A Delightful Village Further North That Has A Interesting Collection Of Druid Stones, Is An Amusement Park. Traverse Through The Region And Explore A Monument Dedicated To The First Freedom Fighter Hanged By Britishers.
Flora And Fauna Of Meghalaya
Meghalaya India receives plentiful of rainfall and so is very rich in exotic flora and fauna. The forests of the state are a refuge for many animals and birds. The most rich biodiversity site of Meghalaya is the Balaphakram National Park among other sanctuaries of the state- The Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, The Siju Sanctuary and The Bhagmara Sanctuary.
The Plant Kingdom
You will easily locate forests that are preserved and protected by the communities for religious or cultural beliefs. These woods are a home to many exotic and rare species of animals and plants, Parasites and Epiphytes, Succulent plants and Shrubs. The woods also have varieties of fruits, vegetables, spices and , medicinal plants (like Ipecac, Rauvolfia serpentina, Cinchona, Abromine, Chaulmoogra Oil, Croton Oil, Eucalyptus, Castor Oil, Chiretta, Solanum khasianum, Casearia vareca, Zanthoxylum armatum, Hedyotis scandens, Paederia foetida, Salix alba, Anacardium occidentale, Cinnamomum, Taxus baccata.) The state is also proud of its wealthy treasure of about 325 species of orchids. Trees of Sal (Shorea robusta), Teak (Tectona grandis), Lac and Gum are the most important varieties of trees found here. These forests are important for sericulture also. Paddy, Maize, Millets, Pulses, Potato, Jute and Mesta, Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Sugar Cane, Oil Seeds are the major crop plants of the state.
The Animal Kingdom
The forests of the state are full of mammals, birds, reptiles and insects. Civets, elephants, mongooses, weasels, rodents,gaur, bear, wild boar, deer and buffalo are in abundance among the mammal world in the state. Hoolock (the only tailless ape in India), Golden Cat, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Large Indian Civet, Bear Cat, Himalayan Black Bear, Barking Dear and Pangolin are easily found in Meghalaya.
The Bird Kingdom
Meghalaya India has a rich stock of birds like Magpie-Robin, the Red-vented Bulbul, Himalayan Black Bulbul, the Hill Myna, the Large Pied Hornbill, Peacock Pheasant, the Large Indian Parakeet, the Common Green Pigeon, the Blue Jay, Great Indian hornbill, florican, owl, black drongo, Hoopoe, Long tailed Broadbill, Scarlet Minivet, Burmese Roller, Blue-throated Barbet, Himalayan Whistling Thrush, Spotted Forktail, Black-breasted Kalij Pheasant, Red Jungle Fowl and Turtle-dove.
The Reptile Kingdom
Meghalaya India has many varieties of reptiles also like the python, the Copperhead, the Green Tree Racer, the Indian Cobra the King Cobra, the Coral Snake, Vipers, lizards, crocodiles and tortoises. Some snakes are poisonous while others are non poisonous.
Besides this, Meghalaya also has many insects like ants, flies, bees, beetles; a number of amphibians like frogs, toads; fish like rohu, mrigal, kalibaus, puti and many more of hill stream adaptation and butterflies like Blue Peacock, the Karserhed, the Orange Oak Leaf, the Dipper, the Bhutan Glory.
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Adventure in Meghalaya
Meghalaya tourism offers a number of options for the adventurers and explorers. The bountiful nature has bestowed the state with tremendous potential for adventure sports. The adventure sports you can enjoy here are:
Trekking: Trekking in the regions of beautiful Meghalaya is an awesome experience. The treks are very charming in the hill slopes, taking you through the villages, brooks and hills. Some important trekking routes are Weiloi to Umngi, Mawlyngot, Smit and Pynursla.
Caving: Geologist or historian, common tourist or an adventurer, no matte who you are , you will succumb to the deep caves of Meghalaya. Caves like Siju, Syndai, Mawsynram, Mawsmai are mainly made of stalagmites and stalactites. Tourist enjoy exploring the caves and taking back home a precious moment of their expedition.
Golfing: It is golfer's delight. The Shillong Golf Course is referred to as the "Gleneagle of the East" . Golfers enjoy the lush expanses and serenity of the place.
Archery: This traditional sport of Meghalaya has been a inseparable part of Meghalaya culture and the festivals. Men and women of the state weave the archery accessories at home with great adeptness.
Boating / Rafting: Tourists enjoy boat rides immensely on Meghalaya tourism. These rides refreshes mind and provide recreation. Besides you can also indulge in water skiing and kayaking. Water-scooters, cruise-boats, paddle-boats, row-boats and sailing boats are all available for tourists. The popular water sports destinations in Meghalaya are The Water Sports Complex, The Ward Lake and Thadlaskein Lake.
Camping and Biking: The treks of Meghalaya are perfect for Biking and Camping expeditions. The adventurers enjoy riding through the roads in the hills and spending a night out in a camp.
Angling: As the state has many varieties of fish, the anglers find pleasure here. Ranikor is the important site for angling. Golden Mahseer and Barbus Tor are of major interest for the anglers. Boka, Sal, Trout or Korang and the Gorua or Goonch are also of great interest among anglers.
Three dominant tribes inhabit the state of Meghalaya India. Each tribe contrastingly distinct from the other yet a harmonious milieu. The names of these tribes are The Garos in the western area, The Khasis in the central area, The Jaintia in the eastern area.
The zesty and zippy Garos are habitants of Garo Hills and call themselves Achik-mande. In the Garo language Achik means Hills and mande means Man. Hence Achik-mande means the Hills people. Maximum Garos are ardent followers of Christianity. A garo woman wears a piece of cloth around her waist and a blouse or vest. A Garo man wears traditional clothes and a turban. Irrespective of the sex, Garos wear head outfits with beads stuck with feathers of hornbill, bangles and earrings. With adoption of modernization Garos have started wearing western outfits also. The staple food of Garos is rice with onions, capsicum and salt. All types of animal flesh is relished by them. Drinking is almost enjoyed everyday.
A childbirth in Garos is not only celebrated by family but by the whole clan. The child belongs to the mother family irrespective of the sex and thereby the lineage is always matrilineal. Marriage is settled by the parents and marrying within clan is extremely contraband and punishable. Even death of a Garo is not a family matter. Entire community laments the loss of the departed soul.
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"Hynniew trep"as they call themselves signifies "the seven huts` constitutes about 50 percent population of the state. Khasi's ligua franca, Khasi, is very sweet language. Khasis are followers of different religious practices. Presbyterian, Anglican, Roman Catholic are also found significantly in Meghalaya. Khasi tribes who adapted to the indigenous practices of the Khasi religion are also in large number. Their man occupation is Jhoom cultivation. They produce adequate fruits, vegetables, betel leaves and crops.
The traditional dress of a Khasi male is Jymphong, a long sleeveless coat minus collar fastened by lashes in the front. A dhoti along with an embellished waistband enhances the beauty of the outfit. A Khasi female is clad in peculiar pieces of clothes giving the body the shape of a cylinder. In social events females wear a silver or golden crown with a thorn or crest affixed at the rear side of the crown corresponding to the feathers of the Khasi males.
The Khasi tribe follow the culture, rituals and norms of matrilineal community. Even father plays a significant role in the family. Khasis have unwavering belief in marriage institution. The laws of Khasi community are liberal and lenient like a Khasi girl can end up marriage at her own wish and so cannot be enforced into the marriage bonding.
This tribe is also called Pnar or Synteng. They belong to Hynniewtrep sect of the Austric race whose kingdom was the oldest and most widely spread around Jaintia Hills. Like the othre two, this tribe also is matrilineal where the youngest daughter of the family inherits the familial property. The girl child of the family is adored and molly coddled, in terms of education, health and liberty, by every member of the family. The Jaintias are proud of their rich cultural heritage.
The tribe has expertise in artistic weaving, wood-carving, cane and bamboo work. Also they are interested in carpet weaving, sericulture and making musical instruments, jewelry and pineapple fiber articles. Behdiengkhlam is celebrated by the Jaintias annually in July with great fervor.
Dance And Music
Shad Sukmynsiem (Dance of the Blissful Heart): This is commonly called Shad Weiking because of the ground where the dance is held every year. It is a thanksgiving dance to pay homage to the ancestors and salute God. Unmarried males and females dance rhythmically on the beats of drums and pipes.
Shad Nongkrem: This dance is associated with Ka Pomblang Nongkrem. This dance, generally celebrated in November, is performed to please the Goddess Ka Blei Synshar for plentiful harvest and prosperity.
Doregata: This is quite interesting dance as the Khasi women try to knock off the turbans of their male pertners.
Do Dru-su’a: This traditional dance of Garo has two women performing like doves pecking each other.
Lahoo Dance: The Jaintias have this unique dance stylein which males and females participate. Generally two young men on either side of girl conjoined together in arms dance in steps. A cheer leader is also integrated in this dance.
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Festivals Of Meghalaya
Wangla: This, very important festival of Garos, is a harvest festival to commemorate Saljong, the Sun-god of fertility. It marks the end of phase of hard labor and advent of holidaying and relaxing. Dance and music is all around the state during the festival. The spectators are amused to see the performing artists.
Shad Suk Mynsiem : This festival, the 'Dance of Contentment' , is a counterpart of the Garo harvest celebrated in April at the Wecking grounds near Shillong and at other places.
Beh-dien-Khlam : This Jaintia festival, held at Jowai, is for chasing away the Demon of Cholera. People celebrate the festival by holding the long poles across Wah- Ait – Nar, and jumping on the poles to break them while dancing in the boggy pool of water.
Some other different types of Khasi Festivals are: -
Ka Pom-Blang Nongkrem
Ka Bam Khana Shnong
Shad Beh Sier
Shopping In Meghalaya
Enjoy your shopping on Meghalaya tourism while being patient enough to explore the local chattels. The absence of multiplexes and malls gives you the pleasure of traversing through local markets and haggling with the shopkeepers for a good deal. The main feature of the shopping in state includes handicrafts, wooden materials, Bamboo and Cane articles, Jewelery, Pottery, Carpets, and Yes! fine silk textiles. As weaving is the main occupation of Garo women, you will find wonderful silk and cotton cloths.
While in Meghalaya do not miss out to check:
Khasi Bamboo Comb
Spices like Black Pepper
Khasi Bows and Arrows
Small Storage Baskets
Large Storage baskets
Winnowing Trays and fans
Open Weave Carrying Basket
Shield Made of Bamboo Splints
Pineapple Fiber Articles
Waist Coats / Jackets
Shawls / Sarees / Mekhela
Endi, Mulberry Silk Cloths
Mats and Khasi Umbrellas etc.
These articles are utilitarian and beautiful also. The main shopping center of Shillong is Police Bazaar. Here you will find a number of shops purveying to all interests, modern and traditional. Village market is another place where you will find these insular items
The beautiful northeastern state of India, Mizoram, slices its borders with Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Assam and Manipur. The word Mizo means highlander and Mizoram means “the land of mizos” , the hedonists, who are very particular about their ethics and deontology. The cities of Mizoram are cocooned by the mighty mystic mountains, rare flora and fauna and thick bamboo forests. On the contrary of these woods are the precipitous hills with lavish green fields. The meandering river with a graceful gait and shimmering waterfalls make up the exorbitant atmosphere of the state. The capital city Aizwal along with many others has potential of exciting tourism in Mizoram.
How to Reach Mizoram India
By Air: Aizwal is thoroughly connected by flights from major cities like Kolkata, Imphal and Guwahati.
By Rail: the closest railway stataion for Aizwal is Silchar in Assam. There are many trains from Guwahati also which take 19 hours to reach Aizwal.
By Road: Aizwal is accessible from Shillong and Guwahati by road. Aizwal is connected by buses and taxies with Silchar through NH 54.
Fact File of Mizoram India
Area:21,081 sq. km
Language: Mizo, English and Hindi
Climate:Summer - Minimum Temperature: 20 degree C
Maximum Temperature: 30 degree C
Winter – Minimum Temperature: 21 degree C
Maximum Temperature: 11 degree C
Clothing: Summer - (March to June) Cottons
Winter : (October to February) Woolens
Best Season to Visit:September to May
Cities of Mizoram
Aizwal: The capital of Mizoram, “The Home of the Highlanders”, is the hallmark of tribal culture. Endowed with immense natural beauty, it has the meandering Tlwang river, the exquisite landscape, and peaked hills of Durtlang assuming a natural boundary to the South of Aizwal. The city has prominence because of the Government Offices, State Assembly House and Civil Secretariat. The legendary folklores, the enchanting views make the city a place abuzz with activities and liveliness.
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Mizoram is known for the jhum crops and people here for are renowned for the grand celebration of festivals and their unique Bamboo Dance. The tourists are also fascinated to the city attractions of Aizwal as The State Museum at Babu Tlang, The Cultural Sub-Center, Zoological Garden, Bung Picnic Spot, MAHCO Showroom, Treasury Square, Vengthlang, Bethlehem, Bara Bazar, Luangmual Handicrafts Center. If you are looking for scenic outdoor charms then must visit the Durtlang Hills, Berawtlang Tourist Complex, Pukzing caves, Tamdil Lake and Rungdil Lake.
Lawngtlai: This district, sharing its boundaries with Lunglei and Saiha Districts, is an abode of minor ethnic tribal groups of Lai and Chakma. Endowed with tropical climate, the district is ideal for the wild flora and fauna. It is covered with tropical wet evergreen, mixed deciduous forest and wild banana forests. You will easily find skima wallichi, Banyan tree, Gulmohar tree, Gamari, Jarus, Champa and several kinds of bamboos, different species of climbers and numerous kinds of wild fruits.
Lunglei: This district has abundant and exclusive flora and fauna along with beautiful atmosphere. The nearby picnic spots of Khawiva and district park at Zobawk attracts tourists in herds. The climatic conditions, the natural charm and the magnetic tranquil peace makes it an ideal hill station. The tropical forests of this region shelter tigers, wild boars, leopards, monkeys, barking deers, sambars and elephants, and many other migratory animals of the world. Some rare species of birds like the hombills, pen-pheasants, tragopans, flower-peckers, sun-birds and the thrush family are also found in the woods.
Champai: This thronging commercial district has amazing view of Myanmar hills. The belief goes as the history of Mizoram starts and ends at Champai. The pleasant climate, picturesque charm, riotous rice fields and green hillocks attract many tourists. The major tourist attractions are Kungawrhi Puk (cave), Tiau Lui (River), Rih Dil (Lake), Lianchhiari Lunglen Tlang (Cliff), Thasiama Seno Neihna (Plateau), Manghaia Lung (Memorail Stone) and Fiara Tui. Do not miss out to check the famous Rohdil Lake close to the town.
Kolasib: This small district is located on the way to Silchar and Aizwal. You will experience the extraordinary ways of lifestyle, traditions, legends and beliefs here. The simple people of the district are of Mongolian breed and are mainly into farming. The hot spots for tourists are the lavish orchids, the peaceful surroundings, Tlawng River. How about a fishing expedition in this river. Graet idea indeed ! he Bairabi Hydel Project, Regional Research Station of the Rubber Research Institute of India and an Industrial Estate function of the district is also worth visiting.
Tourist attractions in Mizoram
Mizoram is ideal place for for your vacations. This amazing land has much in store for you which you discover when you explore it by undertaking a Mizoram tourism. Some of the prime attractions are:
Phawngpui: This biggest mountains of the state is deemed as the home of God. It offers excellent view of azure Myanmar hills. It is rich in exotic fauna, many fragrant herbs and rare species of orchids and rhododendrons. Being situated on the bank of the river Kolodyne, it has breathtaking expanse.
Phulpui Grave: This grave has a love story of Tualvungi, a raging beauty of her time, and Zawlpala the Phulpui chief, that had a tragic climax.
Sibuta Lung: Do not miss out to visit this historical stone depicting a fable of revenge and seizing of relationships to have an emotional experience.
Mangkhia Lung: It is located on the boundaries of India and Myanmar. The memorial stone of Mangkhia is absolutely wonderful monument.
Thangliana Lung: It is a memorial stone of Captain T.H. Lewin, the first Englishman who visited Mizoram. This stone is ark of his popularity and affinity with the Mizos.
Chhingpuii Memorial: Built in the memory of a young woman called Chhingpuii who was exceedingly beautiful, it is situated between Baktawng and Chhingchhip villages. The stone memorial reminds one of the legendary love lores of Chhingpuii and Kaptluanga.
Suangpuilawn Inscriptions: The inscriptions on the stone slab here are obscure. It is maintained that these inscriptions are done by the ancient habitants of the area.
Budha's Image: There is an engraved image of Buddha with dancing lasses on each side. This area is marked with Buddhist influence. According to one belief the frequent Buddhists from the hills did the Buddha engraving.
Pangzawl: This village has affiliation to the tragic folklore of Chawngungi, a very beautiful girl and much sought for girl. Sawngkhara won and married her. But the girl soon died and the lad remained mourning for his entire life.
Tomb of Vanhimailian: This memorial tomb is built in memory of Vanhimailian Sailo, a great chief who ruled over Champhai.
Tualchang: If you wish to see the biggest monolith of the state then visit the largest rock near Tualchang village in the eastern part of Aizawl district.
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Wildlife in Mizoram
The state is very rich in wildlife because of its salubrious environment. Many Parks and Sanctuaries here are a home to exorbitant beasts and birds, herbs and shrubs, plants and climbers. These wildlife are definitely not to be missed out on your Mizoram tourism.
Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary : Home of Tiger, Clouded leopard, Elephant, Guar, Barking deer, Sambar, Wild boar, Hoolock Gibbon, Rhesus macaque, Leaf monkey, Common langur, etc.
Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated near Aizwal, it has Wild boars, Sambar, Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Serrow, Barking deer and variety of birds.
Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary: The animals found here are Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Ghoral, Serrow, Hume's Bartailed Pheasant, Kaleej Pheasant, Barking deer, Wild boar, Hoolock gibbon, Rhesus and macaque.
Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary: It is a home to Tiger, Leopard, Hoolock gibbon, Leaf Monkey, Sambar, Barking Deer, and variety of Birds.
Phawngpui National Park: You will locate Ghoral, Serrow, Barking deer, Sambar, Leopard, Blyth's tragopan, Kaelej Pheasant, Hoolock Gibbon, Common Langur, Rhesus macaque, Stump tail macaque and variety of birds and orchids in this Park.
Dampa Sanctuary: The important animals found here are Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Deer, Sambar, Serow and wild Pig.
Murlen National Park: The park is a dwelling for Humes- bar- tailed pheasant, Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Serrow, Ghoral, Leopard, Himalayan black bear and variety of birds.
Lodaw Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated near Siaha this sanctuary also shelters the savage and docile alike.
Flora and Fauna of Mizoram
The Flora of Mizoram
The state is very rich in exotic flora and fauna. It has densely thick bamboo forests, lavish orchids, and garden of rhododendron of arboretum and veitchianum species. It has more of Epiphytic orchids than the terrestrial orchids. The naturalists will, be just allured by seeing the rare species of flowers, herbs and climbers. The swaying rivers have tremendous potential for indulging in adventure sports. The placid lakes and brooks entices the eye glimpse.
The Fauna of Mizoram
The climate of the state makes it a perfect home for many wild and endangered species of animals like swamp deer, tiger, leopard, elephant and hoolock gibbon, sambar,, Ghoral, Hume’s Bartailed pheasant, serrow, Kaleej Pheasant, barking deer, wild boar, Rhesus macaque etc. . The wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks of Mizoram give refuge to the animals and birds who are on the verge of extinction.
Adventure in Mizoram
There are many options to enjoy adventure on your Mizoram tourism. Either take speleology or take your backpack and get going to discover the unexplored terrains of the state... Challenge the robust mountains or feel the bliss by sitting idly beside the water bodies. Everything is just simply superb affair.
Caves Of Mizoram
The Caves of Mizoram India are marvelous in terms of structure and moreover, each cave a legend associated with it. Some of the prominent caves are
Pukzing Cave: It is the largest cave of the state situated at Pukzing village near Marpara in Aizwal. According to the legends the cave was carved out of the hills with the help of only a hair pin by a very strong man called Mualzavata.
Milu Puk: In the language of Mizoram, 'puk' means a cave. This tumid cave, which now has many human skeletons, was discovered centuries back.
Kungawrhi Puk: This cave of Aizwal is located on a hill between Farkawn and Vaphai Villages. If we believe folklores then a beautiful young girl by the name of Kungawrhi was nobbled and held prisoned in the desolated cave by some evil spirits when she was on her way to her husband's village. She was later on rescued by her husband from the confinement of the spirits.
Lamsial Puk: This cave is an evidence of two adjoining village's battle. The corpses of the fighters are kept in the cave.
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Lakes Of Mizoram
The state has many lakes which add to the charm of the place. Some of the lakes are:
Palak Lake: This oval shaped lake is surrounded by the tropical evergreen and deciduous jungles having species of Dipterocarpus sp., Michelia sp., Schina Wallichin, Mesua ferrea, Chikrassia tabularies, cedrella tonna, Albizzia sp., Termemalia sp., Lagerstromia sp., Biscofia Javamica, Ficus sp., Artocarpus sp., Tetrameles nudiflore, bamboos, canes. This sole home of aquatic birds and wild ducks of varied species also has fish and crab. In the ambit of the forest bear, tiger, deer, wild pig and a many avifauna can be located.
Tamdil Lake: This lake is a hot destinations for tourists seeking solace. This lake, surrounded by the tropical evergreen forests, has species of Sehenia Wallichii, Chikrassia tabularis, Albizzia sp., Artocarpus sp., Merus sp., bamboos. It is rich in flora and fauna like fish, prawns with many untamed animals like bear, deer and wild pig in the surrounding forests. A folklore is linked up with this lake which holds that a big mustard plant was in the place where the present lake is situated. Whenever the plant was chopped, water came gushing from that place resulting in formation of lake.
Rungdil: The word literally means “Lake of Partridge” because it was once an abode of hordes of partridges. It comprises of two lakes which are akin to each other bifurcated by an expanse of land. One prevalent belief associated with this lake says that one half of pumpkin will afloat in water if someone cuts the pumpkin into two halves and throw one part in the lake. Like other lakes, this lake is also rich in flora and fauna.
Rengdil: This is man made artificial lake unlike others which are natural lakes situated in Aizwal.
Mountaineering And Trekking In Mizoram
Mizoram India is a formidable place for adventurers. Its landscape, the mountains, the valleys, the gorges are best suited for adventure expeditions. While trekking in the region you will encounter tribes and tribal culture and lifestyle, heavy forests, wild orchids, extraordinary flora and fauna, enchanting views. The rhapsodic exaltation which you will experience here is unparalleled. The places like Champai, Phawangpui (the Blue Mountain), Lunglei Town and Phawngpui National Park are attracts many adventure enthusiasts.
Culture of Mizoram
The state ha sits own unique cultural legacy. The warm people hereare particular about their customs and rituals. To know them thoroughly let us have a look at their lifestyle, arts, festivals and dances.
People of Mizoram
“Social, Affectionate and Amicable” this is what people of Mizoram are. Yes, they are a perfect host, very friendly and cordial who know no discrimination on the basis of gender. 'Tlawmngaihna' (to be hospitable kind, unselfish and helpful to others) is their code of conduct. The people of Mizoram India are called Mizo, a compound word formed by Mi (people) and Zo (hills) thereby called “People of Hills” with a unique racial and traditional identity. The Mizo culture has sustained with unfailing vigor despite of the external influences.
The society being patriarchal, the property is handed over to males and not women. The family property is given to the youngest son of the family giving a share to other sons according to the father's wish. In absence of sons, the property goes to the next relative on the male family side. The dowry, thuam, given to the daughter at the time of marriage is an exclusive property of the girl.
The 'Paithan' an old belief is still followed to term God. The Christian Church Organizations have so deeply affected the Mizos that their social cultural life has undergone a tremendous change. Most of the people are followers of Christianity. Moreover The Chinese, Burmese and Tibetan cultures also have an impact on the people of this region. There are many tribes residing in the state like Ralte, Paite, Dulien, Poi, Sukte, Pankhup, Jahao, Fanai (Molienpui), Molbem, Taute, Lakher, Dalang, Mar, Khuangli, Falam (Tashous), Leillul and Tangur. You will also find three main sub groups in Mizoram are Lushais, Pawis and Lakhers.
Dances of Mizoram
Mizos are very fond of dancing and so every event, festival, ritual or ceremony is incomplete without dance. They have their own style of dancing. Some of the famous dance forms are:
Khuallam: This “Dance of the Guests” is performed during a ceremony of 'Khuangchawi'. This dance is accompanied by a set of gongs known as Darbu minus any song.
Cheraw: It is a very old traditional dance of some tribes of the state. It is the most vibrant and distinct dance form of the Mizos. People use long bamboo staff for this dance, thereby calling it 'Bamboo Dance'.
Sarlamkai/Solakia : This impressive dance originated from the Pawi and Mara communities in the state. It is ceremonaiul dance of the tribes of the bygone days when they went on wars.
Chailam: This famous dance is performed on the occasion of 'Chapchar Kut' (one of the most important festivals of the Mizos). In this dance, men and women both take part.
Chawnglaizawn : A popular fold dance of one of the Mizo communities known as 'Pawi' is performed in big groups of boys and girls. Only drums are used as the musical instrument in this dance.
Chheihlam : This dance personifies the euphoria of joy and ecstasy. It is performed as the accompaniment of a song called 'Chheih hla'.
Tlanglam: These days this dance form is most preferred by different cultural troupes of various places. Males and females both take part in this dance.
Khal Lam: This famous dance of Mizos is specific to boys who wear shawl while they perform and use drums and gongs.
Sawlakin: Basically a Lakher dance, now modified, has been adopted by almost all Mizos. The gestures and movements of this dance are very beautiful.
Chhilam: This elderly dance is performed in beer parties in a modified form.The men and women sitting in a circle beat the drum and sing anecdotes taking turns to dance in the centre of the circle.
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Festivals of Mizoram
'Kut' means festival in Mizo. The festivals specific to Mizoram are a manifestation of the typical heritage during the farming season and cycle of sowing and harvesting. Since the main profession of Mizos is farming, the festivals also have affinity with farming activities. Among the most celebrated festivals of the state are:
Chapchar Kut: Celebrated in the first week of March, this Spring festival is the most important and so observed with great reverence and fervor along with music and traditional dances like Khuallam, Chheihlam, Chai and Sarlamkai. In February , when winter ends, the Mizos make the land suitable for plantations.
Mim Kut and Pawl Kut: Celebrated in the last week of November or the first week of December , they celebrate the completion of the harvesting season. This grand celebration is all about merrymaking, feasting and gaiety. People perform traditional and folk dances, songs and games.
Thalfavang Kut: In November, after the weeding of lands to prepare for ahead harvesting season, this festival is celebrated. One can witness the cultural heritage and traditional games during the festivities.
Christmas: As the Mizos have adopted Christianity, Christmas is the important festival here. Celebrated on the 24th and 25th of each December, this festival includes great rapture among people.
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Art and Craft of Mizoram
The state has a tradition of rich and exquisite art and craft productions. Among the most preferred ones are the handloom industry. You will see a Mizo lady doting her “Puan” dress which is very gaudy and vibrant. As the state has abundant bamboo forests, the people make articles of bamboo very adroitly.
Among the bamboo products you will find the classical handicraft of Mizoram comprising of 'Khumbeu Ceremonial Hat' made of waterproof wild Hnahthial leaves including other handicrafts products as shawls, textiles, bags, utensils, flower vases and fine bamboo furnitures. One has visit and experience the uniqueness of these handicraft items. And once you see them you will fall a prey to buying them. Well ! They are so lovely that it is really hard to escape from the very idea of possessing them.
Mizos are adept artisans and their weaving is simply superb. The motifs, the patterns, the designs, the colors, the style all is precisely traditional in nature. The Mizo women weave peculiar and traditional patterns on their looms. The designs they weave on shawls, for instance, is typical to the state handed down from one generation to the other.
Cuisine of Mizoram
The people of the state relish non vegetarian savories like meat. The staple food of Mizos is Rice served withh pork meat. The cuisine of Mizoram India is distict from other as the Mizos do not use spices while cooking the dishes. Their food is simple made of lentils, bamboo shoots, pork, chicken and meat. People enjoy the local wine, “Zu” (tea) and yes smoking.
The undulating state of Nagaland India is extremely charming and lovingly beautiful. A home to as many as sixteen tribes, the state has much to explore. The virgin terrains of the state are breathtakingly enchanting. You must visit Naga City to experience the panorama of nature, the warmth and hospitality of people, lavish blossoms and coy rivers making their way through the rugged terrains. If you are the victim of hectic monotonous lifestyle and then Nagaland tourism is for you.
How to Reach
By Air: Dimapur is the only airport in Nagaland India and it is well connected by flights from Delhi and Calcutta and the rest of the country.
By Rail: The important railhead in Nagaland India is Dimapur on the North Eastern Railway Track.
By Road: The towns and villages of Nagaland India are connected by the Nagaland State Transport Association. Buses are frequent from Dimapur to Guwahati, Shillong, Mokokchung.
Area: 16.527 Sq.Km.
Capital : Kohima
Maximum Temperature: 31°C
Minimum Temperature: 4°C
Main Rivers:Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu
Languages:English, Nagamese, and local dialects
Clothing RequiredSummer : Cotton Tropical
Winter : Heavy Woolens
Best Time to Visit: September to April
Entry Formalities: Inner line permit for Indian visitors and Restricted Area Permit for Foreigners.
Cities of Nagaland
Dimapur: This “City of River People”, is the biggest and most advanced industrialized city of the state. The District derives its name from a dialect of Kachari in which ‘di’ - means river, ‘ma’ - means great or big, and ‘pur’ - means city, together denotative as ‘the city near the great river’. You can enjoy sightseeing in Dimapur at Chumukedima (the first headquarters of the erstwhile Naga Hills District of Assam State when there was reign of British in early 19th century), Ruzaphema (for frolic and shopping of handicrafts), Triple Falls (a three tier waterfall), Governor's Camp (picnickers, rafters, anglers and campers delight) and Itankagi Wildlife Sanctuary.
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Kohima: The capital city of Nagaland India is a home to Angami, Rengma, Kuki and Zeliang Naga tribes. The city is remarkable for the history of World War II. For tourists it has religious, monumental, museums and village attractions. Must visit places are The Cathedral of Reconciliation (a modern church), War Cemetery, State Museum, Zoological Park and two beautiful villages of Bara Basti and Khonoma.
The Dzukou Valley in Kohima is extremely beautiful. The hills, the cliffs, the landscape, the brooks, are ultimately vibrant. The valley is all the more beautiful and fragrant in the season of spring with blossoms all around. The herbs, the flowers like white, red, yellow and pink rhododendrons, yellow Caltha Palustris and white anemones. Different flowers dominate different seasons. Surprisingly 360 varieties of orchids grow in the hillsides.
Kiphire:This tourist hot spot has many attractions like Saramati Peak (the highest peak of Nagaland), Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Cave at Salomi, Cave at Mimi, Sukhayap (Lover's Paradise),
Wawade Waterfalls, Twin Stones, Village of Siphi, Mikhi (the river of salt) and Yingphi or Yingphire (absolutely rich in historical spots, legends and traditions).
Longleng: Mokokchung: If you visit Mokokchung, do check out these spots of interest Longkhum, caves of Fusen kei and Mongzu Ki, Longritzu Lenden and Tangkum Marok (springs), Ungma ( oldest and the largest Ao village) and Chuchuyimlang (festival village of Ao).
Peren: This tourist village is abound with ethnicity and traditions. The famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Benuru (rich in traditional values), Mt. Pauna Tourist Village and Mt. Pauna (the third highest peak of Nagaland).
Festivals of Nagaland
Nagaland India is a place where fairs and festivals are celebrated round the year. Various tribes and village observe diffent festivals. Among the famous ones are:
Festivals of Angami: This tribe celebrates SEKRENYI in the month of February to seek health and welfare of the whole community. People are all glad and happily celebrate by boozing, and eating pork.
Festival of Ao: The Ao tribe observe MOASTSU MONG for three days in the month of May after completing sowing. The festival is occasion of celebration, dancing, singing and frolicking. 'Sangpangtu' is one of the symbolic celebrations of this festivals where men and women sit around a big lit fire. Another festival of Aos is TSUNGREM MONG in the August. This festival is for upcoming generation and village youths to exhibit their intellectual dexterity and physical prowess.
Festival of Chakhesang: This community celebrates seven festivals in whole year which are SUHKRUHNYE - 15th January, NGUNYE - 1st February, TSAKRONYE - 1st Sunday of March 4, TSUKHANYE / TSUKHENYIE - 6th May, KHUTHONYE - 15th July, TURHINYE - 25th August, THURINYE / KHILUVATU - 1st December. SUHKRUHNYE is the most important festival of this tribe.
Festival of Chang: This tribe observes six major festivals annually namely POANG LEM, JEINYU LEM, KUDANG LEM by Haongang community, and MOUNG LEM, NAKNYU LEM and MONYU LEM. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm till date.
Festival of Zemi: SANKARNI is the most important festival of Zemis. It is celebrated at the same time when Sivaratri is celebrated. A week long festival is for smoking and boozing for merriment.
Festival of Sumi: The sumis celebrate a post harvest festival AHUNA which bespeaks the manifestation of thanks giving spree. TULUNI another festival which is celebrated in mid July. People drink wine named Tulini a rice beer.
The Hornbill Festival: It is not a traditional festival of Nagas but a showcase of of Naga culture, cuisine and handicrafts. Different tribes display their own unique cultural assets. Musical gigs and various entertainment programs keep the tourists and the participant occupied with conviviality.
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Tribes of Nagaland
The inhabitants of Nagaland India are called 'Naga' which has incepted from 'Nagna' means naked. It is so because the Nagas are known for avowed for their sparseness of clothes. There are fourteen major Naga tribes namely the Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khemungan, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Yimchunge and Zeliang. All these tribes live happily with each other. They have different traditions, languages, occupations and lifestyles.
The Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid family. Nagas are assiduous people with a strong inclination for their values, ethical mores and self esteem. They are courteous and cheerful and sanguine. You will easily confront the Nagas with a glee lit face. Nagas are of sub medium height with a low face indice, straight hair. You will find the Zeliang and Pochury tribes of Kohima very humble and rustic. The tusensang tribe are modest and natural.
Social and Cultural Ethos
Some cultural customs of the tribes are same like head hunting, common sleeping house for unmarried men which are taboo to women, a sort of trial marriage, or great freedom of intercourse between the sexes before marriage, disposal of dead on raised platforms, the simple loom for weaving cloth.
There is absence of any caste sysytem among Naga and non Naga tribe. Rather the tribes are asundered into twelve totems based on the great forefathers. Recent advent of Gotra system among tribes is remarkable. Marriage in the same totem is restricted but modernization has impacted it and hence now young people do not abide by it.
Wildlife of Nagaland
The state has two wildlife sanctuaries. Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary and Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary.
Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary
The Fakim Sanctuary in Nagaland India is nearby the border of Myanmar. It is full of numerous flora and fauna. You will find the trees of Bonsum, Bogipoma, Khasi Pine, Oaks, Amari, Gamari, Hollock, Nahor, Uriam, Alder, Kachnar, Sasi here. As the foprests here receive plenty of rains, the woods are brimmed with undergrowth shrubs, Dalchini and Tejpatta. If you will go in the months of March and April, you will gte to see blooming Rhododendrons, varieties of Bamboo and Cane.
The fauna of the sanctuary is packed with Tiger, Hoolock gibbons, Panther, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Bear, Bison, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slender Loris. Some beautiful birds that are found in this sanctuary are Indian Horn Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc are the important birds of the region.
Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary
The Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland India is preserved by the Forest Wildlife Department. It is a shelter to various animals including some rare species of birds. The sanctuary boasts of having rich and varied treasure of flora & fauna. This Sanctuary is a home to Hoolock Gibbon (the only Gibbon found in India), Elephant, Mithun, Sambar, Barking Deer, Goral, Flying Squirrel, Wild Dog, Tiger, Sloth Bear. The birds you can locate here are Kaleej and common pheasant, Hornbill and Black Stor.
Adventure in Nagaland
Nagaland is a pleasantly charming land with avant garde trekking routes. Nagaland hills are archetypal ones where trekking and campaigning will be absolute fun. Adventure sports are extremely thrilling here because of azure hills and clichéd expanses. You can enjoy trekking in the state traversing through vestal and uninfluenced terrains. From the month of November to March Japfu Peak in Kohima is a trekkers delight. Another trek for you is Dzukou Valley. It is a marvelous valley for trekking expeditions. It has a roving rivulet and in the spring season you will see wildflowers and pink and white rhododendrons.
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Shopping in Nagaland
Aha !!... so you are interested in shopping during Nagaland tourism. Great idea indeed ! As other tribes, Nagas also have their own own expertise in handicrafts. The art and craft of Nagaland is clannish and chic. The Nagas have a knack of Bamboo Work, Wood Carving, Pottery and Blacksmitthy. So you have a wide variety of products to choose from. Go to the local bazaars and be a proud owner of these comely articles.
As the state has forests abundant of Bamboo and Cane, Nagas are adept basket creators. This art is limited to the males of the village. The baskets which they make are for multiphasic. One basket is for domestic purpose, for storage and the other basket is for outdoor purpose like carrying it for daily usage. These baskets are of different shapes. These are triobe specific, for instance, a conical shaped basket is representative of Aos, a cylindrical shaped basket is of Angamis. Apart from these baskets Nagas also make mats, shields, drinking cups – Chungas-, necklaces, armlets, and leggings of cane.
The affluent family of the village have the best wood carvings on their houses. They use simple wood carving instruments and motifs are equally simple and symbolic like carving of mithun head (denoting wealth), hornbill (denoting valor), human figure (denoting success in hunting), elephant, tiger (denoting physical aptitude).
Pottery is not that popular and but hence practiced in very few villages. Without using a revolving wheel the Nagas make the pots by their hands only. Limited to women folk of the village it is not very profitable.
It is a recent but popular craft. The blacksmiths make the everyday use article for the villagers like Dao, axe, sickle, knives, spear points, muzzle loading guns and butts. Different tribes have their own perspective about the trade of blacksmithy.
Fundamentally both the sexes are fond of wearing and adorning themselves with colorful ornaments. Naga soldiers wears a miniature trophy masks as a pendant in a chain or necklace symbolizing their valor as headhunters. You will like to see the Naga bracelets and bangles. Nagas make ornaments of shells which have a aesthetic quality.
Art of Nagaland
Naga women are dexterous weavers and make chromatic and jazzy shawls, bags and jackets. They use back strap and fly shuttle loom for weaving. Different tribes has set types of motifs, patters, designs and colors according to the folklores of the tribes. These weaved clothes are adorned with beads, shells and hair of goat to for ostentation of wealth.
This is also performed by Naga women. Till recent times every maiden should know spinning to get married. Usually the procedure of spinning is nothing but primordial.
While dyeing the Nagas use vibrant colors like red, blue and less often yellow. Dyeing is prohibited before harvest believing that process of dyeing can perish the crops.
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The folklores and music is passed down from one generation to the other and so the Nagas has music inbred in them. They play a common musical instrument 'Petu', Theku a string instrument and a wind instrument – flute. Trumpet is used by the people to keep away the wild animals. Guitar is gaining popularity and is in vogue in Nagaland today. The songs of Nagas can be classified into different categories like:
Heliamleu or dancing songs: these are romantic love songs composed and sung by both young and old people.
Hereileu or war songs: Sung by the old people to commemorate the triumphs and forfeit at wars, to relive the bygone glorious days.
Neuleu or legendry songs: These are composed by the old people of the village to solemnize their important and remarkable events.
Hekialeu or songs about self: Old people compose these songs to narrate their achivements in their career when they were young and strong.
Hekialeu or a duet: Generally it is sung by the young lads and lasses of the clan. These songs are composed by both young and old people.
You can get an acumen of the taciturnity of the Nagas through the tribal dances. These dances are tribe specific and people wear vibrant attires, gaudy jewelery and of course a sweet smile. The dances are named after the hand and leg gestures and movements of the dancers. Be it a festival or a ceremony, harvest or recreation, Nagas always have a reason to celebrate and rejoice by dancing. Their dances full of liveliness and they use props generously.
One of the seven states in the North East, Tripura is believed to be originated from "Tripura Sundari" - the supreme deity of the state remarkable in Hindus as one of the fifty one peeths of Hindu Pilgrims. In addition to this it is also maintained that primarily the land was called “Tuipra” which connotes “A land adjoining the water.” Tour to Tripura India will be very exciting for you because of its ethnic cultural diversity, its bountiful natural purlieus, its temples, museums and palaces. Tourist attractions of Tripura inveigle flocks of tourists.
How to Reach Tripura
By Air: Agartala, the state capital has the main airport where many public and private airlines operate regular flights. The state has 3 more airports in Khowai, Kamalpur and Kailashahar where small chartered-planes can land easily.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Kumarghat at a distance of 140 km. from Agartala. This railway station is connected to Guwahati which is well connected by other cities.
By Road: NH 44 connects Agartala to Guwahati via Shillong. But because of location reaching Tripura India is easier from Bangladesh by road.
Fact File of Tripura
Area :10,492 sq. km
Capital : Agartala
Districts : 4
Languages : Bengali, Manipuri and Kakborak
Climate : Summer
Minimum Temperature 24 Degree Celsius
Maximum Temperature : 35 Degree Celsius
Minimum Temperature : 7 Degree Celcius
Maximum Temperature :27 Degree Celcius
Clothing Summers- Cottons
Winters – Heavy Woolens
Best Season to Visit :September to March
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Places of Interest in Tripura
Agartala: The capital city, lying on the banks of Haora River, was the seat of the Kings of Tripura of the Debbarman dynasty. It is city full of temples and palaces. The Places of Interest in Agartala are the College Tilla (the college premises of Agartala), Ujjayanta Palace (a Greek styled palace built by by Maharaja Radha kishore Manikaya), Kunjaban Palace, Jagannath Temple, Venuban Vihar, Buddha Mandir, Ravindra Kanan, State Museum, Tribal Museum, Sukanta Academy, Laxminarayan Temple, Uma Maheswar Temple, Benuban Bihar, Gedu Mian Mosque, Malanch Niwas, Rabindra Kanan, Purbasha, Handicrafts Designing Centre, Fourteen Goddess Temple, Portuguese Church and Puratan Agartala.
Deotamura: This site is remarkable for the rock cut reliquary having antediluvian idols of Shiva, Ganesh, Vishnu, Kartikeya, Mahishasur Mardini Durga and other gods and goddesses carved out of stone. The large images carved on vertical rocks are immensely beautiful. You can enjoy a boat ride here to enjoy the panaroma of lush green vegetations, picturesque sites of hills and the breath taking sculptures.
Pilak: Dating back to 8th and 9th centuries it is a treasure house of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures. Beautiful images of terracotta plaques and sealing scattered in a vast area here showcases the existence of skeptical classes, creeds and sects of people followers of both Hinduism and Buddhism. Gargantuan stone images of Avolokiteshwar and Narasimha are also worth seeing here.
Udaipur: Formerly called as Rangamati and Radha Kishorepur, the city of Udaipur in Tripura India is a house of many temples. Tripura Sundri temple or Mata Tripur Sundri (Maa Kali) temple, Bhubeneshwari temple, Sepahijala-the wildlife sanctuary are must visit here.
Unakoti: It means “One less than a crore” and said that these many rock cut engravings are available here. According to the Hindu mythos Lord Shiva taook a night halt at this location when he was going Varanasi / Kashi along with one crore God and Goddesses. The next morning he asked other God and Goddesses to wake up and proceed for Kashi but no except Shiva proceeded for Kashi. Lord Shiva cursed others and since then they have transformed into stone images. Thereby there are one less than crore images in a charming lush landscape.
Jampui Hill: It is home of eternal springs, beautiful land scape and soothing climate. The hill ranges shelters Mizo and Reango tribes. You will find different species of orchids and other wild trees wearing blossoms. You will enjoy sunset and sunrise here and good trekking routes.
Museums and Palaces of Tripura
Ujjayanta Palace: Built by Radhakishore Manikya Bahadur in190, this Mughal and Indo Greek styled palace is located in the heart of city. The palace has been embellished with lush gardens, pools and fountains. You will see and enjoy the Musical Fountain on both sides of the domes of this three storied structure, Flood Lightings and the exquisite interiors.
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Kunjaban Palace: This yet another imperial palace, built by Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya, is located nearby Ujjayanta Palace bears a testimony of affiliation of RabindraNath Tagore, the Nobel laureate poet, with it. The picturesque charm of this palace nestled in the emerald hillocks inspired him to compose many memorable songs. The lush gardens, lawns and yards are worth seeing which is the official residence of Governor of Tripura India. “Rabibdra Kann” is the southern part of the garden which is open for public.
Neermahal Palace: This water – palace built on RudraSagar Lake is a royal Palace with influence of Hindu and Mughal architecture. The castles, the whopping towers, the moats and the bridges here are simply breath taking. The two parts of the palace, one on Western side called “Andar Mahal (used by the royal family) and the other one on Eastern side (used by the security personnels and servants), flood lighting, open stage theater is very lovely here. How about the Light and Sound Show ! Yes, it has even more to it – water sports. Great recreation indeed !
Malancha Niwas: It is a bungalow adjoining the Kunjban Palace located on a hillock. It was basically a Kachcha House where RabindraNath Tagore stayed in 1919. It was gradually develpoed as a Pucca House and named Malancha Niwas.
Tripura Government Museum: The museum preserves the arts and crafts of Tripura consisting of rare stone and bronze idols and images, ancient coins, archaeological items of Tripura and neighboring areas, Embroidery of Bengal (Kantha) and Buddhist sculptures from Pilak dating back to 8th to 10th century.
Wildlife of Tripura
Tripura India is rich in flora and fauna and so there are many wildlife sanctuaries in Tripura that are a home to many animals, birds, insects and plant kingdom.
Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary of South Tripura is stretched in a vast area where it has a great water reservoir which attracts several local resident birds along with some migratory birds. Elephants, Bison, Sambar, Barking deer, Wild goat or Sarow apart from many other animals and reptiles dwell in this sanctuary. If you are interested in Eco Tourism then this is the best destination for you. Boasting of many species of flora and fauna, it is rich in countless medical and therapeutical botanical species of plants.
Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary: Expanded in a vast area this sanctuary boasts of rare and exotic birds and primates. You will also find a Botanical Garden Zoo, which attracts a commoner and a Botanist alike, a lake and plentiful species of tress. All through the year this sanctuary is extremely green with plantation. Among primates you will see Rhesus, macaque, Pigtailed macaque, Capped langur, and Spectacled langur. It is not only a wildlife sanctuary but also a Research Center. The spectacular view of 150 species of migratory and non migratory birds is bewitching. The different sections of the sanctuary shelters different animals and birds, Carnivores Section, Primate Section, Ungulate Section, Reptile Section and Aviary Section. The lakes adorning the sanctuary like Abasarika and Amrit Sagar lakes provide facilities of boating.
Gondacherra Wild Life Sanctuary : If you are looking for a break from daily monotony come to this sanctuary and engross in pure and serene ambience. Traveling deep in the dense forests where a rendezvous with Tigers, Bison, Deers, various primates, even a few wild horses is possible will be enthralling with a mix feeling of excitement and fear. The water bodies adjoining the sanctuary is a home to many migratory and non migratory birds.
The Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary: Expanded in a large area this sanctuary is rich in vegetation and animals. It is kind of Research Center for younger generation to speculate the natural habitats of animals in depth. It has a huge collection of Indian Gaurs, migratory and resident birds like Pheasant tailed Jacana, Red Jungle Fowl, White breasted king Fisher, Indian Black drongo, primates and many animals. The water spots in the sanctuary are for studying the animals and birds of the place.
Temples of Tripura
TripuraSundari Temple: This temple, regarded as one of the 51 pithas of Hindu Pilgrimage, has a construction of sqaure type sanctum fashioned in unique Bengali styled conical dome in Udaipur. Two identical idols of the same deity, Tripura Sundari, one known as “Choti Ma” and the other “Tripura Sundari” is remarkable feature of this temple. It is also called “Karma Pitha” because of its tortoise shaped like affinity. Ma Kali's idol of “reddish black Kashti Patthar” in the temple is worshipped in “Sorosho Form”.
Bhavanneshwari Temple: Standing at the river banks of Gomti in Udaipur, this temple was built by Maharaja Govinda Manikya. The name of the temple got cannonized through the works of RabindraNath Tagore, Visarjan and Rajarshi.
Jagannatha Temple: In addition to many temples of Vishnu, many temples of Siva and Sakta sect are also found in Udaipur. This temple is a specimen of Tripura exquisite architectural expertise. According to a belief Daityanaryana, the General-in Chief of Maharaja Bijaya Manikya had installed the idol of Lord Jagannatha brought from Puri.
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Chaturdasha Devta Temple: This ancient temple located in Old Agartala has a historical importance. The temple has fourteen head images of Gods and Goddesses called 'Chaturadasha Devta' by the King Krishna Manikya which are ceremoniously worshiped during the 'Kharchi Puja'. The temple has a Nat Mandapa and a Grabhgriha.
Uma Maheshwar Temple: Located opposite to the Jagannatha Temple, Uma Maheshwar temple is expanded on the grass land of Ujjyanta Palace. The temple is Saffron in color as the Jagannatha temple and has lavish green yards.
Kali Temple: Also called Kasba Kali Bari, this temple is located on a mountain overlooking a water pool “Kamla Sagar”. You will find affinity between the images of Dasabhuja Durga or Mahishasurmardini with the images of this temple. The idol of Kali is made of sand stone and the Shivalinga, stalagmite, at the feet has given it the name of KaliBari. During the festival season the place is abuzz with activities of infinite pilgrims.
Venuban Vihara: This Buddha shrine has a metal idol of Buddha made primarily in Burma but later brought to Venuban Vihara. Buddha Poornima is anually celebrated here with great zest and piety. The peaceful and composed ambience of the temple is very relaxing. This small shrine attracts many tourists and pilgrims.
Budha Temple: Located in the heart of city, Buddha Mandir, is a much revered religious place. The two beautiful idols of Buddha and Bodhisattva here are believed to have Burmese origin. The environ of the temple is tranquil and so it tempts us to relax and refresh.
Benu Ban Bihari: This temple is a clincher of Tripura's hospitality and adoption of other cultures and religions. Tourists are attracted to the calm and peaceful temple and the monastery it has. It is located in the heart of city so going on foot is also possible.
Culture of Tripura
Art And Craft Of Tripura
The people of Tripura India are adept artisans. The things they make are very beautiful and useful . The state people are famous for CANE and BAMBOO work including table mats, floor mats, room dividers, decorated wall panels, attractive furniture of cane, various gift items, ceilings, paneling, plaques, Pot containers (Planters), small-framed mirrors, hair clips, powder cases, decorative trays. The elegant cane furniture of the state is exported to other countries also. On Tripura tourism, check out “Mudha”, the low stool made of bamboo and split cane. Special and peculiar ornaments of bamboo and cane are made only in Tripura. So, if you are fond of chic ethnic jewelery, then have some ornaments from Tripura.
The Handicrafts And Handloom industry of Tripura is also very unique. It is a replica of dexterityand exquisiteness of people of Tripura. Handloom is the main craft of Tripura and so you will find Tripura handloom with vertical and horizontal stripes with myriad of colors and embroidery.
Basketry is also equally important for Tripura India. You will easily find different varieties of baskets like jamatia firewood basket, riang carrying basket, tukri, karawala tukri, laii, sempa khari, date basket, turi, grain storage basket, dulla and sudha - the traditional fish trap.
Pathla Rain Shield is a circular shade of cone ot have a guard against rain. These shields are intricately made by the people of Tripura. SMOKING PIPES made by the Riang tribe to smoke tobacco are also remarkable. It is made in three parts with exclusive style.
Fish Traps And Fish Baskets are two more crafts of these people. Sudha and Dulla are different kinds of baskets and traps for fishing.
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People Of Tripura
You will find many tribal and scheduled tribes communities in the state representing a harmonious social milieu. These people speak Bengali, Tripuri and Manipuri. The major tribes residing here are:
Tripuri Community : These people, living in hill slopes in a group, the constitute the largest part of the population of the social strata. Their typical houses are made of bamboo with a elevation of six feet for defense against wild beasts. Gradually these people have shifted to plains and adopted modern mannerisms in terms of dress, lifestyle etc. A tripuri woman wears a scarp – Parcha – reaching down below the knee.
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